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As the title signifies, this book or epistle was originally addressed to Jewish Christians. In the early days following conversion through the preaching of some of Jesus’ original disciples, they became exemplary Christians and had helped supply the needs of other Christians. They had taken cheerfully the loss of their own possessions as they were persecuted for Christ’s name .
However, at the time this letter was written their original teachers and leaders had died (Hebrews 13:7). Now they were on the verge of slipping back from a confession of Christ into the Judaism out of which they had been converted (Hebrews 13:13-14). The writer of Hebrews exhorts the readers to remain true to Christ even at the price of having to shed their own blood (Hebrews 12:3-4).
What is true from the writings is that the writer was outstandingly knowledgeable of the Christian faith. It would be almost safe to surmise the writer had to have been a leader in the early Christian church. It is not known to date who the writer of the Hebrew epistle was but is generally suspected by scholars that it could have been Apostle Paul. Though the writings are similar in style to how Paul wrote it can not be conclusively confirmed to be true.
From the epistle the Christians must as a matter of principle and survival of faith, draw near to God, hold unswervingly to the hope they profess, for He who promised is faithful, consider how we may spur one another on toward love and good deeds and not give up meeting together.
In deed the writer encourages the recipients in their struggle of unbelief that they keep their confidence of faith in addition to persevering in the face of persecution for the rewards are great. This addresses to a great part the challenges that were affecting the Hebrew –
It is widely thought that the writer of this epistle was the half-brother of Jesus. In the epistle he wrote to remind the early Christians about the qualities of heart and life that should characterize true Christian devotion in contrast to dead accepted belief. This was in a effort to make it clear exactly how a Christian could find joy in Christ even when suffering for Him. Like the writer to the Hebrews, James emphasizes on perseverance as the greatest characteristic a Christian should have. He is quick to remind the Christians that this perseverance is only available by asking God and in believing unwaveringly. Aware of the struggle the christens were going through in reconciling and understanding the concept of temptation, he points out to them that this does not come from God but is rather a result of individual human beings sinful nature. Instead, his advice for them is to put what they learn into practice as a way of showing their growth and maturity in their Christian faith.
Peter addresses the various churches scattered throughout Asia Minor (present-day
2 Peter was Peter’s last message before his martyrdom. This Epistle is a continuation of the theme of 1 Peter. The sufferings that his readers had just begun to endure when that Epistle was written have continued unabated, and Peter’s purpose in writing this second Epistle is to encourage his readers to endure steadfastly to the end.
During his later years, the apostle John settled at
The first Epistle of John was written to counteract this heresy. However, it is more than a mere refutation; it is one of the most beautiful and inspiring documents of the New Testament.
It is not clear whether the recipient of this brief Epistle is an individual, or whether the term “elect lady” figuratively denotes a church whose members are her “children” (verse 1). The principal characters of this Epistle are Gaius and Diotrephes. As church leaders went from town to town establishing new congregations, they depended on the hospitality of fellow believers. Gaius was one who welcomed them into his home. John wrote this Epistle to thank Gaius for his hospitality and faithfulness and to encourage him in the faith.
Among biblical scholars it is believed that Jude was another one of Jesus’ brothers who was converted after His earthly ministry. He calls himself “the brother of James” (verse 1), and in verse 17 he indicates that he was not himself an official apostle.