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Faith based organizations and communities are usually at forefront in responding to the needs of the people who are usually affected by crisis and forced migration. The response of faith organizations to forced immigrants takes a range of divergent forms for example coming up with development projects (
Gender equality is the equal valuing of roles of both men and women and works in overcoming the stereotypes and prejudices in such a way that they both benefit from social, cultural, political and economic developments in the society (Global education, 2009). There is hence a need to consider literatures on how associations play a major role in mainstreaming gender into a humanitarian response. The focus is on forced immigrants.
Forced migration is the movement of the refugees, internally displaced citizens by environmental or natural disasters (FMO, n.d). The forced migrants are victims of such circumstances that can also be as a result of nuclear or chemical catastrophe, development projects and famine.
Humanitarian response is usually premised on meeting the human needs as well as restoration of one’s human dignity in exclusion of discrimination (Pia, n.d). Some of the humanitarian needs are short food and water supplies, communicable diseases among migrants’ adults and children and housing needs (Anthony, 2005). Faith based organizations always play a major role in settlement of the refuges. Guided on theories on subjectivity and recognition, faith based organizations rely mostly on dichotomized constructions on subjectivity where the volunteers are usually positioned as the full actors in refugees lives (Sara 2009, 313-332).
There have been growing figures of actors, dominational organizations, multi religious bodies that have come together in the effort of building peace. Most beliefs own lesson and communal characteristics that offer them the promise to go on as constructive forces in order to convey gender equality. Most often the refugees accept changes in the gender functions that would have posed to be tough in their societies before they relocated. Earnest Ravenstein in his migration theories asserted that forced migrants are usually faced by push and pull factors that are quite unfavorable to them.
They are always addressed in comparison with Other theory where people treat them as extremes and not necessarily as their own. According to the neoclassical economic theory, the migrants are always seen as the source of labor. The segmented market theory usually argues that the immigrants are generally recruited in order to fill the jobs that are necessary in order for the entire economy to function. The third world systems theory affirms that international migration is usually a by product of capitalism.
Religion and spirituality usually sustain a lot of refugees in their uprooting, integration into their host society and adhering to the forced migration process. However, spirituality and religion are completely absent in programming for the forced immigrants and in the policy debates. The researchers have also decided to neglect the duty of spirituality and religion as the major source of emotional support.
It is lucid that the spiritual context as far as human suffering is concerned should offer a base in understanding as well as responding to all the needs of the refugees (Elzbieta 2002, p. 136-152).Religion and spirituality is divergent in their definition. It is usually religion and not necessarily spirituality that forms the major base of our present society. Religion is meant for essentially passing meaningful manner and manifested life.
Spirituality forms the major core of the manifested world. To most migrants, religion is usually a core source of their cultural identity as they take it quite seriously. In the stress of forced migration most migrants hold their religion firmly (John, 2006).Despite the major diversity of spiritual beliefs as well as the practices that do sustain most refugees as well as the forced migrants in their displacement processes, integration and migration into the host community and the society and considerations among policy makers and researchers do neglect the major role of spirituality and religion as the source of cognitive and emotional support (Elzbieta& Dianna, 2002, p.129-135).
Spirituality and religion is a major form of social-political mobilization and expression. The faith based organizations offer emergency relief to the refugees in order to facilitate their settlement and offer them social services as well as present them in the public debates that are concerned with migration as well as displacement in the national and international levels. However, there have been neglect of religious issues and the neglect can also be portrayed in the scholarly treatments of spirituality as well as religion among the refugees.
It is lucid that there ought to be a move in elaborating schemes in mainstreaming gender in both scholarly and public debates. There is function of the devout and the religious convictions in this thesis as well as the functions of religious managers and faith based associations to encourage gender equality into humanitarian response.
In section one it will recount how forced migration is gendered and how beliefs are connected to day to day life of the refugee experiences. Chapter two will look into the standards of foremost devout customs and how the standards can be used to encourage gender equality. Finаlly, thе third ѕеctiоn will tаlk аbоut аn оvеrviеw оf gеndеr mаinѕtrеаming functiоnѕ by а brоаd kind оf аctоrѕ, with а dеvоut impеtuѕ аѕѕiѕting аѕ thе widеѕprеаd thrеаd.