Exam 1

Exam 1

Please answer each of the following questions in 300-400 words (use the word count function
the question. Your answers should be typed into a word document with Calibri or similar font,
concepts, and demonstrate that you understand them. Finally, make sure to read through your
sound natural as speech, and similar to how you normally talk.
1. Drawing from “Darwin’s Darkest Hour,” “What Darwin Never Knew,” “Was Darwin
Wrong” and powerpiont presentations, explain the case that Darwin made for evolution
2. Use the example of the evolution of hairlessness in human ancestors explained in “The
3. Drawing from the Unit 2 assignment and presentations, explain what would happen if
4. Drawing from “What Darwin Never Knew,” and either “Instant Evolution Seen in
natural selection likely play in the evolution of finch beaks on the Galapagos Islands.
What is the evolutionary significance of a mutation during meiosis versus mitosis? Around 300 words each question



1. Describe the experiment by Quiroga et al.
2. What was most surprising about their results?
3. How could you reconcile their results and the views expressed by Wixted and Squire?

Antimicrobial review

Antimicrobial review

All the instruction  will be uploaded  in a file later. The sources must be updated at lest from 2005-2014 . From credible sources books and journals. For Q2 i will abload the 3 result tomorrow . For each answers I need at least 1 reference with the Page No.
And in the answers you should use these sources as much you can
1- Residual moisture determines the level of touch-contact-associated bacterial transfer following hand washing.
Patrick DR1, Findon G, Miller TE.
2- kucers the use of antibiotics sixth edition

What are the importances of microoraganisms in nature and in biotechnology -Essay

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Write an essay (maximum 1500 words) about the importance of microoraganisms in nature and in biotechnology, with the following title: 

?Prokaryotic planet: the importance of microorganisms?.

Please include specific sections entitled ?Introduction?, ?Conclusions? and ?References? in your assignment. Use any other sections you feel appropriate.
Support your assignment with illustrations, where you think necessary (not included in word count). Make reference to the vital role played by microorgansisms in biogeochemical cycles, agriculture, medical microbiology (disease) and biotechnology. Refer to the content of Units 1, 2, 14 (some aspects), 15 and 16, along with extra material you have read in your textbook and in the tutorial slides.


an investigation based on mouse model using Minitab software -Essay

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objective 1 Analysis 
objective 2 Analysis 

This is a link to download the file which is more then 10 MB



Brochure on Climate Change -Coursework

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Assignment 2: Brochure on Climate Change

All assignments must be submitted to turnitin.com on the specified due date and time. A hard copy of the brochure has to be handed in class before the lecture begins

Evaluation: (40 marks) 20%

Climate change is a topic that you often hear and read about. Research done by climate scientists around the world is showing that climate change will seriously affect natural ecosystems, water resources, economies, human health, etc. Examples of some climate change topics that you can work on include:

– water (eg. water tied to food supply, water shortage, ecosystem integrity)
– melting ice sheets (eg. Arctic or Antarctic ice)
– melting glaciers
– rising sea levels
– rising tides and land (eg. beach) erosion
– rising air temperature
– rising ocean temperatures
– ocean acidification
– species at risk
– geographic range changes of species
– extreme weather events (eg. hurricanes)
– natural ecosystems (eg. forest, fresh water, marine ecosystems)
– agriculture
– human health (extension of ranges of tropical parasites and diseases)
– pollution (eg. Alberta tar sands)
– exploitation (eg. drilling in the Arctic)

If you want to research a climate change topic not included in the list above, e-mail me your suggested topic and I will respond to you before you begin working on it.

Pick a specific topic relating to climate change that you are most interested in researching and learning more about. Using legal-size paper (8.5" x 14"), create a 3-panel or 4-panel double-sided brochure on your specific climate-change topic. A brochure is an informational pamphlet that grabs the attention of readers and provides them with knowledge on a specific topic. Brochures communicate the most important information in a well-designed, brief, but informative package. All written information, pictures, tables, graphs, etc. should fit in your brochure; use subheadings, textboxes, and bullets to organize information and break up text.

Your brochure should follow the following format:
COVER PAGE: (5 marks)
– needs an accurate/informative title
– design it to be striking; catch the readers’ attention
– include a picture relevant to your topic, names and student numbers of both partners, course number, and due date.

– define/discuss climate change and some of its causes in relation to your chosen topic
– provide basic background information on your specific topic (species, habitat, human activity/impact etc.)

DISCUSSION (12 marks) use subheadings given below (plus you can add additional ones, if needed)
– include informative tables, graphs, pictures, pie charts, maps where appropriate (a minimum of 1 table, graph, and picture are required; can be placed under any subheading)
Human activity: (in relation to your specific topic)
– list the activities of humans (past and current) that are contributing to climate change
Consequences of climate change: (in relation to your specific topic)
– what are the consequences of local and global climate change to humans and to other species inhabiting the ecosystem/s you are discussing
– what are the consequences of local and global climate change to the whole ecosystem
– is climate change leading to potential extinction events
Action needed: (in relation to your specific topic)
– list ways humans can attempt to change, minimize, and/or reverse the negative impacts of climate change

CONCLUSION: (5 marks)
– very briefly, highlight the most important information about climate change that already has or will have far-reaching effects and /or critical implications for humans and the health of our natural environment

REFERENCES: (5 marks)
– make sure your text is properly referenced; use can use numbers to save space (eg., Research shows that some species may have gone extinct because they failed to adapt to harsh new conditions1. (The number 1 refers to the first journal article on your reference list; articles should be in alphabetical order). If there are no citations in the text of your brochure, you will lose 50%.
– a Reference List is to be included at the very end of your brochure (I suggest a textbox with references typed in small, but readable font size that will not take up much space)
must include:
– 3 scientific journal articles (at least one primary article, the other 2 can be review (secondary) articles, but all3 have to be published in scientific, peer-reviewed journals (don’t hesitate to ask Joanna or another librarian for help)
– 2 reputable web sites (examples: www.ipcc.ch, www.davidsuzuki.org, www.realclimate.org, etc.)
– books (optional)

Use the following format for your reference list:
1. A typical journal citation:
Author. Article Title. Journal Title, Volume(Issue), Pages (Year)
Vörösmarty, C. J., Green, P., Salisbury, J. & Lammers, R. Global water resources: vulnerability from climate change and population growth. Science 289, 284–288 (2000)
2. A typical book citation:
Author. Book Title. (Publisher,Year).
Karl T. R., Melillo J. M., Peterson T. C. Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States (Cambridge University Press, 2009)
3. A citation that refers to a particular chapter in a book. This means you will have more than one title – the book title and the chapter title BUT, unlike journals, magazines, and newspapers, you will still have the publisher information included at the end. Debe, M. K. in Handbook of Fuel Cells—Fundamentals, Technology and Applications (eds Vielstich, W., Lamm, A. & Gasteiger, H. A.) Ch. 45 (John Wiley & Sons, 2003)
4. A typical webpage citation:
References to websites should give authors if known, title of cited page, URL in full, and year of posting in parentheses.
Author. Page Title. URL. (Year)
Convention on Biological Diversity. Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity. http://www.biodiv.org/convention/articles.asp. (2004)

WRITING: (5 marks)
Because a brochure does not give you as much space for writing as an essay does, make sure you focus on the most important points discussed in your articles and on your chosen websites. Carefully proof read your brochure before submission. Pay attention to organization of thought and flow of ideas, clarity, spelling, grammar, punctuation, labeled tables and graphs, citations, etc.

Make sure you submit a double-sided brochure on legal-size paper (8.5" x 14") using a minimum font size of 10 (Reference List can be in a smaller font size). Your brochure should attract readers, be well-organized with thoughtful use of subheadings, bullets, pictures, tables, graphs, maps, et. The brochure should present a logical pathway through the panels.

Submission of assignments:
Each student has to submit the assignment, hard brochure copy in class and e-copy to Turnitin by the specified deadline.
When submitting your assignment to Turnitin, submit it as a normal word document, not as a brochure.

Policies regarding submission of Assignments: Turnitin.com: Students will be required to submit all assignments to Turnitin.com for a review of textual similarity and detection of possible plagiarism. In doing so, students will allow their essays to be included as source documents in the Turnitin.com reference database, where they will be used solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. The terms that apply to the University’s use of the Turnitin.com service are described on the Turnitin.com web site.

Academic integrity: Plagiarism and/or cheating are unacceptable. Please familiarize yourself with the rules and regulations around plagiarism.
The Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters (University of Toronto, Governing Council
Secretariat,1995, B.1. d-f) reads:
It shall be an offence for a student knowingly:
• to represent as one’s own any idea or expression of an idea or work of another in any
academic examination or term test or in connection with any other form of academic
work, i.e. to commit plagiarism;
• to submit, without the knowledge and approval of the instructor to whom it is
submitted, any academic work for which credit has previously been obtained or is
being sought in another course or program of study in the University or elsewhere;
• to submit any academic work containing a purported statement of fact or reference
to a source which has been concocted.


Bioinformatics -Essay

Order Description

I hope that you follow the instructions in the assignment and answer all questions
I hope to do not take someone else’s work or give the same work for someone else
There are some sources that will help you in solving duty I will upload it
There are some references help solution
Bate NJ, Niu XP, Wang YW, Reimann KS, Helentjaris TG (2004) An invertase inhibitor from maize localizes to the embryo surrounding region during early kernel development. Plant Physiology 134: 246-254
Hong MJ, Kim DY, Lee TG, Jeon WB, Seo YW (2010) Functional characterization of pectin methylesterase inhibitor (PMEI) in wheat. Genes Genet. Syst. 85: 97-106
Scognamiglio MA, Ciardiello MA, Tamburrini M, Carratore V, Rausch T, Camardella L (2003) The plant invertase inhibitor shares structural properties and disulfide bridges arrangement with the pectin methylesterase inhibitor. Journal of Protein Chemistry 22: 363-369


Introduction to Human Biosciences Cells of The Immune System -Essay

Order Description

Cells of The Immune System
For this practical you should complete a full IMRAD write-up.

Your report should contain the following in addition to the following the normal rules of IMRAD writing described to you in your skills module.

Introduction (15%)
The purpose of the experiment – to compare normal and pathological features of blood cells on microscopy. You should put this into your own words of course, add any appropriate references etc….

Method and Materials (25%)
Convert the bulleted list into the 3rd person, past tense, using sufficient detail for both section to ensure that a person could repeat your work exactly.

Discussion (50%)
Discuss your findings – you may use photographs/diagrams from other resources, explain how a white count and differential is used in a hospital lab and any other info you think is interesting for the discussion. You should include the results – the differential counts from the microscopy and what this may mean for the pathology of the patient. You should describe any relevant features of the cells in both the normal and diseased slides and how this indicates a particular diagnosis.

References/Bibliography (10%)
Your work MUST be appropriately referenced.


Naegleria fowleri (brain eating pathogen) -Essay

Order Description

Needs to be written in scientific form. 12 point font. In third person, not conversational, and needs to cite often.
Description of the actual pathogen. Describe the morphology and the actual size. If bacterial, how does it gram stain? If viral, how big is the virion? Is it enveloped? Is the genome RNA(+or – sense?) or DNA? What is the course (reservoir) of the microbe? How does it spread? How does the disease manifest? What are the signs and symptoms? how is it diagnosed? How does it spread? How viable/stable is it outside the host? How is it treated what is a patients prognosis?
EACH question is worth 5 points!!!!!
Sources must be legitimate such as a .gov or .edu site.