State and System Levels of Analysis of the Middle East

State and System Levels of Analysis of the Middle East
 Foreign policy scholarship attempts to understand states in terms of the individual, state, an system levels of analysis. The individual level is often time used to understand specific decisions that leaders make, while the state and system levels are often used to explain the behavior of states more generally. Begin by explaining the system and state levels of analysis and the factors that they focus on in explaining state behavior. Second, discuss the behavior of states in the Middle East. Is this behavior best explained by the state or the system level factors? Explain.


Difficulties of Defining Terrorism

Difficulties of Defining Terrorism
  There is no universal agreed upon definition of terrorism. Terrorism means different things to different people, governments, and organizations based upon context.
 Write a three to five (3-5) page paper in which you:
 1. Summarize, with citations, at least four (4) different definitions of terrorism. Note: The definitions must come from sources such as U.S. government agencies (e.g., FBI, DOJ, CIA, DOD, DHS, DOS, DIA, NSA, etc.), international agencies and / or foreign governments (e.g. United Nations, England, Israel, etc.), or terrorism experts (e.g. Bruce Hoffman, Walter Laqueur, Brian Jenkins, Paul Pillar, etc.).
 2. Compare and contrast two (2) of the four (4) definitions summarized in Question 1. Provide a rationale for the differences between the two (2) definitions based upon the context of the people, governments, and / or organizations that developed the definition.
 3. Select one (1) of the four (4) chosen definitions of terrorism that you believe most accurately defines terrorism. Recommend at least one (1) change or enhancement that you would make to the definition. Provide a rationale for your response.
 4. Create your own personal comprehensive definition of terrorism. Identify the key criteria inherent in your personal definition, and explain their importance.
 5. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.
 Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
 ? Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
 ? Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student?s name, the professor?s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
 The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
 ? Explain the definitions of terrorism and the criminological and sociological explanations for terrorist behavior.
 ? Use technology and information resources to research issues in Terrorism and Antiterrorism.
 ? Write clearly and concisely about terrorism and antiterrorism using proper writing mechanics and APA style conventions.


A comparative study of extreme Islamic terrorist groups

A comparative study of extreme Islamic terrorist groups
  Analyze historical incidents appropriate and draw conclusions based on analysis.
 Evaluate the effectiveness of deterrents and existing antiterrorism measures.
 Propose recommendations based on the analysis of historical incidents and the evaluation of deterrents and antiterrorism measures

Critical Analysis of a Current topic in International trade or Finance

 Critical Analysis of a Current topic in International trade or Finance
  Here’s what the assignment states: Your assignment is to write a critical analysis of a current topic in international trade or finance. You should demonstrate that you understand and are able to use the tools and principles that constitute the core of this course. The paper should explain the topic to the extent that someone unfamiliar with the specific topic can understand it, but your own economic analysis on the subject is more critical.
 Suggested format:
 1. Intro
 2. Background of topic/Debate
 3. Analysis
 4. Conclusion

Refugee processing in Australia

Refugee processing in Australia
Course: Ideas, Innovation and Communication. 2100 word, with references listed, literature review which shows in-depth research on the topic: How can the Australian government fund safe UN assessment centres to quickly process claims in Indonesia? Include three research questions you think should be explored in the future by other scholars.

Migrating to Australia

Migrating to Australia
Site: As a Middle Eastern Migrant to Australia
Explain how you understand intercultural communication drawing on ideas from the literature,
Use these ideas to describe how people interact/use language at this site/s
Discuss how your site is an example of intercultural communication in the world today.
It is strongly recommended that internet sources be kept to a minimum and then only if referencing factual/statistical information or the reference pertains to an online academic journal. Any reference to Wikipedia will not be counted.

International and humanitarian disaster management

613 Wk 3
Master is Disaster Medicine and Management and currently studying a course with this information Course name: International and Humanitarian Disaster Management Course description: International and humanitarian disaster management has steadily evolved over decades. The increased emphasis on global disaster preparedness from both governmental and private sectors has widespread application across all borders. Through the exploration of disaster models, public health principles, economic, social and political elements, students will explore the application of the disaster cycle. The assignment of the first week includes two questions that you will answer BUT please be guided by the following instructions (VERY IMPORTANT) 1- Please answer the two questions using ONLY three references BUT from those three references IF APPROPRIATE YOU MUST USE FROM THE FOLLOWING REFERENCES, because they are the assigned reading of this week, AND the other one or two references could be from you choice.:
• Wickramasinghe, K.K., Ishara, M.H., Liyanage, P., Karunathiliake, I. M., & Samarasekera, D. (2007). Outcome-based Approach in Development of a Disaster Management Course for Healthcare Workers. Annals Academy of Medicine; Singapore: vol. 36, No. 9, p 765-769.
Barbera, J. A., Macintyre, A. G., Shaw, G., Seefried, V., Westerman, L., & de Cosmo, S. (2007). Healthcare emergency management competencies: Competency framework final report. The George Washington University: Institute for Crisis, Disaster and Risk Management.
2- Use a clear language and avoid the hard or uncommon words or expressions that usually be native speakers BUT all question must be answered completely and nicely without missing any part of any question. 3- Make sure please to cover all the parts of each question. . 5- The two questions are:
1. How do core competencies change between domestic and international response?
2. Discuss the concept of humanitarian aid, provide an example and analyze the political ramifications.

Why do China thinks that Hong Kong is not ready for full democracy?

Why do China thinks that Hong Kong is not ready for full democracy?
This research paper is for a honors program in your Political Science class – comparative government. The paper is supposed to examine and analyze why does democracy fail to prevail in Hong Kong under Chinese government? Looking at the recent protest and the history of China and Hong Kong, this paper is set to determine the cause of this issue.

Accountability, moral dilemmas and forced migration

Accountability, moral dilemmas and forced migration
Lecture: International Development Studies
Refugees and Forced Migration, Rights and responsibilities
Paper Topic: Accountability, moral dilemmas and forced migration
Key themes/questions guiding to this topic:
•The concept of a moral dilemma
•Accountability of humanitarian agencies: Dilemmas surrounding the withdrawal of aid
•Accountability for the creation of refugees: Dilemmas surrounding the restitution of refugees’property
Students will choose one seminar class and write a discussion paper on the theme of each class, drawing on the required readings for the chosen class.
Discussion paper should be max. 4 pages long, typed in 12-point, Times New Roman font,doubled-spaced with standard margins.
For classes in which there are numerous assigned readings, discussion papers should engage at least three of the readings. Short assigned readings (e.g. articles of less than 5 pages) do not count towards this total.
The discussion papers should succinctly summarize and critically engage with the main arguments advanced in each reading.
Do the authors successfully defend their arguments?
What questions do the readings raise?
Are there important issues related to the seminar theme that the readings do not address?
If so, students may use the discussion papers as an opportunity to begin formulating their own ideas and questions on these issues.
(NB: Summaries of the readings should be no longer than 1 short paragraph.)
Students may draw on the optional reading or other sources in the discussion papers, but are not required to do so.
Break-down of marks:
5 points
Effective communication of ideas
•Clear and logical organization of ideas/structure
•Clear explanations of key concepts
•Style, grammar and spelling
10 points
Understanding of topic, insightful and critical engagement with readings
•Brief, accurate expression of key concepts and arguments in each reading
•Insightful reflections on the authors’ arguments and approaches (strengths and weaknesses, etc.)
•Identification of insightful questions raised by the readings
Required Readings for this topic:
1.Brookings Institution and ICTJ (2012) Transitional Justice and Displacement: Challenges and Recommendations,
2.Slim, H. (1997) “Doing the Right Thing: Relief Agencies, Moral Dilemmas and Moral Responsibility in Political Emergencies and War”.Disasters 21(3).
3.Terry, F. (2002) Condemned to Repeat: The Paradox of Humanitarian Action
.Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp.1-16.
4. Leckie, S. (2006) “New housing, land and property restitution rights”.
Forced Migration Review 25. See (this article only has 2 pages and does not count to the totals, put more effort on analyzing the other three articles,
Anderson, M. (1998) “‘You save my life today, but for what tomorrow?’ Some moral dilemmas of humanitarian aid,”in Moore, J. (ed.) Hard choices: Moral dilemmas in humanitarian intervention

answer 2 out of 3

answer 2 out of 3
1. The year is 2025, and the world community, facing projected temperature increases of 4-4.5°C before the end of the century, has agreed to launch a research program that might ultimately lead to deployment of stratospheric injections of sulfuric acid in an attempt to stabilize global temperatures. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change has been tasked with governing this deployment. Based primarily on your breathtaking performance in ESPM 169, you have been hired as a staff member on the UNFCCC’s new Subsidiary Body for Climate Geoengineering (SBCE). Your supervisor, has asked you to draft a memorandum on how the precautionary principle should be implemented in this new program. Get to it, or you may, instead, be asked to pilot the first sulfur injection weather balloon.
2. Based upon your breathtaking performance in ESPM 169, you have been hired as a staff member to the High-level Political Forum, the successor organization to the UN Commission on Sustainable Development. Your supervisor, Dr. Angela TwentyOne, has asked you to draft a memorandum outlining the top priorities that the global community should be pursuing to achieve sustainable development over the next few decades. Get to it, or you may be re-assigned to the Forum’s satellite office in Akron.
3. Based on your breathtaking performance in ESPM 169, you have been hired as staff member at the Convention on Biological Diversity’s Secretariat. Your new boss, has asked you to draft a memorandum on how to improve the treaty’s effectiveness. He’s also interested in your ideas about what the top priorities of the Parties should be in the next several decades. Get to it, or your job may be more threatened than a Tonkin snub-nosed monkey.