Public International Law

 Public International Law
Question :’International environmental law has developed as compatible with the foundations of international law (sovereign equality, state consent etc) yet it is only by placing human rights, and thus the individual, at the centre of environmental law that international and and national gains are made’ (Cullet)
Please base the essay mainly on the following articles (but also include various different sources) :
Cullet, P., ‘the Kyoto Protocol’
Cullet, ‘Differential Treatment’
Cullet, Right to Water
Try to include Klabbers on International Law as a source a well.
Please follow OSCOLA referencing style, and avoid plagiarism. Also please try to structure the essay in a a very clear and coherent manner, and state a clear thesis statement in the introduction.
Please try to aim for a high 2:1 grade. And also try to demonstrate knowledge of the fundamental principles of international law.


EU Law

EU Law
What is the relationship between the EU Institutions and its member states? Identify and examine an area of EU law where the EU institutions have a relationship with the Member States, e.g. national parliaments in the legislative process; the national courts and the EU courts; the union citizen and the EU Parliament; Member States questions to the Commission inter alia.

America is a common-law country

: America is a common-law country
 A History of American Law (Author: Friedman), ISBN: 0684869888
 American Legal History (Authors: Hall,Finkelman,Ely Jr.), ISBN 9780195395426
 Please answer the following questions:
 America is a ‘common-law’ country, but common-law is constantly at odds with civil law. What exactly is common-law? Why America retain it? Why did it only retain some of it? What is behind the urge to build codes, such as ‘Field Code’ How has codification worked or not worked to clarify and simplify common-law?
 Supporting information can be found on the following pages:
 A History of American Law Pages 3-23, 50-53, 95-104,113-120. And especially 293-298 and 302-308.
 American Legal History Pages 30-35, 39-42, 142-143,359-366, and 471-472.
 This essay should do all of the following:
 Use the text to support your interpretations and arguments, citing all references and quotations.
 A great essay will be one that includes a fresh insight grounded in an accurate and thoughtful grasp of the reading. Support your response with reason and consider objections.
 1. Your ability to respond to the question that is asked.
 2. Your demonstration that you have read the text.
 3. Your understanding of that text.
 4. Your own ability to construct an argument that is persuasive and reasoned
 5. Your comprehension of the issues involved in the problems the questions point to.
 6. Your ability to address those problems.
 The way to achieve a good paper and demonstrate the above:
 1. Know what you will argue before you sit down to write-if you need to write something to figure out what you are trying to say, rewrite it once you have figured it out.
 2. Be clear about what you are arguing- state a thesis
 3. Make sure that you include in the paper advances an argument and addresses the question.
 4. Be succinct—don’t ramble or use run-on sentences.
 5. Cite from the text to prove that characters or authors believe what you say that they believe.
 6. Read carefully to make sure you are not misinterpreting what you are reading—it’s like listening closely to someone trying to explain things.
 7. Come to a conclusion. Have the courage of your conviction, but an ability to explain why you believe what you do. Be able to support what you believe.
 8. Write carefully. Make sure you are saying what you mean to. Grammar and spelling mistakes show that you did not take as much time as you needed to in writing.
 9. Show your paper to someone else to point out writing/grammar mistakes, and to point out things that you might not have thought of.

Law and terror

 Law and terror
 Write an essay about the right of habeas corpus in the context of the war on terror. Your essay should address the following subtopics:
 Explain the historical evolution of habeas corpus, including its English and American traditions. The explanation of its evolution within the American tradition should include the general meaning of the right of habeas corpus in the U.S. Constitution and its relationship to the protection of other civil liberties.
 Provide examples from U.S. history of the suspension of habeas corpus and their applicability to the present.
 Analyze the relevance of habeas corpus to the contemporary U.S. situation during the war on terror, especially with respect to persons characterized by as enemy combatants or illegal combatants.
 Explain the U.S. Supreme Court’s interpretation of the right of habeas corpus with respect to enemy combatants or illegal combatants (i.e., the views of the five justices making up the majority in Boumediene v. Bush as well as the views of the four dissenting justices).
 Evaluate a minimum of four perspectives on this topic expressed by justices of the Supreme Court, leaders in other branches of government, and commentators in both the academic and popular media. Your evaluation should consider perspectives on the following topics as they relate to habeas corpus:
 The role of the President as Commander-in-Chief.
 The role of Congress in determining when habeas corpus can be suspended.
 The role of the Supreme Court in protecting civil liberties, including the judicial philosophy which should guide the Court in this role, and
 In your evaluation, you should also include your personal philosophy, values, or ideology about the balance between civil liberties and national security in the context of an unending war on terror.
 Follow these requirements when writing the Final Paper:
 The body of the paper (excluding the title page and reference page) must be at least 1,500 words long.
 The paper must start with a short introductory paragraph which includes a clear thesis statement. The thesis statement must tell readers what the essay will demonstrate.
 The paper must end with a short paragraph that states a conclusion. The conclusion and thesis must be consistent.
 The paper must logically develop the thesis in a way that leads to the conclusion, and that development must be supported by facts, fully explained concepts and assertions, and persuasive reasoning.
 The paper must address all subtopics outlined above. At least 20% of the essay must focus on subtopic five, listed above (your evaluation of perspectives on the topic).
 Your paper must cite at least three academic articles (excluding the course textbook) and at least four other kinds of sources (e.g., Supreme Court opinions, magazine or newspaper articles, the course textbook, and reliable websites or videos).
 Use your own words. While brief quotes from sources may be used, altogether the total amount of quoted text must be less than five percent of the body of your paper.
 When you use someone else’s words, they must be enclosed in quotation marks followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source on the reference page at the end of the essay.
 When you express in your own words someone else’s ideas, arguments or facts, your statement must be followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source in the reference page.
 The form of the title page, the body pages, and the reference page must comply with APA style. Additionally, the title page must include the course number and name, the instructor’s name, and the date submitted.
 The paper must use logical paragraph and sentence transitions, complete and clear sentences, and correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation.
 For this paper you need to do research in peer-reviewed journals or other sources that are considered to have reliable information. In addition to your required course text, you need at least seven scholarly sources, three of which must be peer-reviewed journal articles from the Ashford Online Library.
 Academic research papers must meet university level standards of quality. What constitutes quality, academic research?
 Primary sources written by experts in the field of study
 Secondary sources supported by research in primary sources
 Credible sources (experts in the area of study)
 Relevant research (materials are pertinent to the area of study)
 Peer-reviewed journal articles (journal articles reviewed by recognized experts in the relevant field of study).
 Educational and government websites (those ending with a web URL suffix of .edu or .gov) may be appropriate in some cases but should be evaluated carefully.


Building Trust With Law Enforcement and The Community

Building Trust With Law Enforcement and The Community
Instructions for paper:
Ethical Dilemma Vignettes
Create one complex vignette detailing, Building Trust With Law Enforcement and The Community TWO ethical dilemmas, with TWO different situations.
It must give details regarding the character(s), their role, and the dilemmas that they face. Each dilemma must be supported by either a specific ethical standard (actual standard from a professional specialty area’s code of ethics) or specified leadership behavior that makes it an ethical dilemma (supported by references within the body of the paper as an in text citation).
These dilemmas should include situations that could occur commonly in the world today. Please use the readings from the course so far, as well as your own personal or professional experiences, to guide you in the kind of atmospheres that are likely to produce ethical dilemmas and the challenges faced in resolving them.
This is a scholarly research paper. It must be 7 pages long, not including the reference section, and must be double spaced. It must have all the sections of a formal paper, including title page, abstract, introduction, body of the paper, conclusion, and reference sections. It must also adhere to APA writing standards from the most current APA manual.
Reference to use:
Fairholm, M. R., & Fairholm, G. W. (2009). Understanding leadership perspectives: Theoretical and practical approaches. New York, NY: Springer.

Government Policy Paper

Government Policy Paper
Government Policy Paper (3-5 pages, 50 points) – Due on the date of the final exam.
In this project the students learn about the effectiveness of government policies.  Each student must select a government policy that deals with an issue, such as anti-trust (ATT break-up, Microsoft trial, …), regulation (pollution control, the Sarbanes Oxley Act, the American Clean Energy And Security Act of 2009 (Waxman-Markley Cap and Trade bill)), subsidies (welfare, farm support, Medicare, Cash-for-Clunkers program,…), or taxation (tax cuts, solar or ethanol tax credits, ..) The paper should address some, or all issues below:
 * Background, rationales, and goals of the program/policy.
 * Who were the intended target, and who actually benefited or were hurt by the program/policy?
 * How does the program/policy affect consumers and producers welfare?
All papers must be in Microsoft Word format, typed, double-spaced, proofread, spell-checked, and between 2-5 pages (700-2000 words) in length. They must be submitted to proper drop boxes on D2L on or before the due date. Late papers will not be accepted. Plagiarism may result in 0 point for the paper, or failing grade for the class. All papers must follow APA format.


employment law, policies and processes

employment law, policies and processes
***All questions in each area must be answered or covered in the paper
**Paper details
Imagine that you are the Director of the HR Department at your current organization or an organization with which you are familiar. You are responsible for delegating duties to your team for the selection, development, and management of both the new and current employees. You must ensure that your organization is diverse and follows all employment laws.
(Note: You may create and / or make all necessary assumptions needed for the completion of these assignments. In your original work, you may use aspects of existing processes from either your current or a former place of employment. However, you must remove any and all identifying information that would enable someone to discern the organization[s] that you have used.)
Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:
1.Outline one (1) job interview process, and document the methods that you must use to select the right person for available positions. Determine two (2) employment laws that you must consider in the process in question, and examine the key ramifications of the organization’s lack of enforcement of said laws.
2.Suppose your same organization decides on an unconventional workforce comprised primarily of independent contractors and temporary workers. Predict three (3) issues that you may encounter in building relationships with each type of worker. Next, examine two (2) laws that you must follow during the relationship building process, and specify the manner in which each law would help in the relationship building process.
3.Evaluate the effectiveness of the organization’s HR policies and processes that are designed to promote a diverse workforce. Next, outline one (1) strategy for the organization that recognizes affirmative action. Include a plan to mitigate both the glass ceiling effect and reverse discrimination within your organization. Support your response with at least two (2) examples that illustrate the major benefits of the plan to the organization.
4.Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
•Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
•Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the must also contain a Introduction and conclusion paragraph. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.


IRAC Format Law Question

IRAC Format Law Question
Assessment item 2
Assessment Two
Value: 30%
Length: 1200 words
EASTS (online)
Post (option applies to DE only)
Jerry O’Keefe is (or was) the sales manager at the Brass Bed Co. Ltd. His employment contract stated that his annual salary was $70,000 per year plus a bonus based on sales figures, and that his contract could be terminated by either party by six months’ notice in writing.
Mr O’Keefe took his annual leave from 19 December 2012 and was due to return to work on
Monday 23 January 2013. As sales manager, he came to the factory on 23 December to attend the Christmas break-up party. At the party he made over-friendly advances to Ms Sezzy Capone, the wife of the managing director. Ms Capone did not seem to object to these advances but her husband took offence at Mr O’Keefe’s overtures and said, ‘ Leave my wife alone, you lout, or I’ll fire you.’ Mr O’Keefe replied, ‘ I’m doing no one any harm. I’m in my own time now and you’re drunk.’ Mr Capone then swung a punch at Mr O’Keefe who sidestepped and pushed Mr Capone, who fell to the ground.
Mr O’Keefe then left the party and the factory premises. Mr O’Keefe spent most of January holidaying at the seaside. When he returned to his home
on 20 January he found a letter waiting for him signed by the managing director saying:
(a) that his contract of employment had been terminated on 23 December for gross misconduct; and
(b) that the company was prepared to pay him his salary up to 20 January.
Advise Mr O’Keefe of his rights and possible remedies in this matter.
This assessment item will allow you to demonstrate:
Your understanding of the law regarding the contract of employment
Your knowledge of the nature, content and applicability of the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth);
your ability to apply legal rules to fact-situations and to solve legal problems;
your ability to conduct basic legal research;
your ability to apply what you have learned in the context of a hypothetical workplace
Marking criteria

Legal studies

 Legal studies
For all details refer to the Microsoft Word file called (Legal studies cwk 2014) attached
1- Provide me with the specific page numbers for the information used in the paper not in general (as appropriate), to be able to know about the information easily.
2- Make all resources used in this paper available online or upload them for me.
3- Use simple clear language and sentence structures, and easy vocabulary to understand.
4- Give the priority to the resources attached with this order, and if you see that it is important to use other sources you can use easy sources such as journals….etc

Administrative Law

Administrative Law
Provide you with lots of materials for a clear understanding, but the person that does this assignment needs a very clear understanding of Australian Administrative Law already. This assessment is worth 70% of your final grade.
Follow the instructions carefully, and go through all of the materials provided properly. Use lost of Australian case law and use the Civil Aviation Act 1988 (Cth) where applicable. Do not use secondary resources; for example journal articles or peer reviewed journals. This is a legal problem solving question so you need to use case law and legislation.