Pre-hospital Administration of Oxygen for Chest Pain Patients
Three Society wide factors of technology
Assignment Human Genome Databases
Topic: The chapter of qualitative analysis
Topic : discussion on immunisation
Discussion of systems for monitoring immunisation programs
Program Delivery and Monitoring and aims to build on your understanding of surveillance systems for monitoring immunisation programs and the challenges of immunisation program delivery.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines have only been available globally since 2006 and are only the second vaccine to protect against cancer, after the hepatitis B vaccine. The 4-valent HPV vaccine (4vHPV) covers four human papillomavirus types. HPV types 16 and 18 are the most common causes of HPV-associated cancers, while HPV types 6 and 11 are the most common causes of genital warts. The 2-valent HPV vaccine (2vHPV) contains HPV types 16 and 18 only. Prior to the availability of the HPV vaccines, cervical cancer control in Australia included secondary prevention (screening for pre-cancerous lesions) as well as tertiary prevention (cancer treatment and palliative care). Australia has had a National Cervical Screening Program for over two decades, and has relatively low rates of cervical cancer.
HPV immunisation was added to the Australian National Immunisation Program schedule in 2007. At that time a three dose schedule of the 4-valent HPV vaccine (4vHPV) was funded for females aged 12–13 years, delivered through a school-based program. Between 2007 and 2009, a catch-up program targeting women aged 13-26 years was delivered through schools or primary care providers. In 2013, the funded program was extended to include males aged 12-13 years, with a catch-up of males 14-15 years.
By the end of 2011, HPV vaccine had been introduced into the national immunisation schedule of 40 countries, either the 4vHPV or 2vHPV vaccines. HPV vaccine program monitoring and delivery is complex and differs to the delivery and monitoring of routine childhood vaccines.
– What are some of the methods used to monitor coverage in the absence of an immunisation register?
What are the limitations of these systems?
– What are some of the challenges in delivering the HPV vaccine program in Australia? Compare the delivery of the routine HPV vaccine program to school age girls with the delivery of the catch-up program through general practice.
– What methods are being used to monitor the impact of the HPV vaccine on HPV-related disease in Australia? What systems do developing countries need to consider for program monitoring?
– Which other countries have commenced HPV immunisation programs?
The HPV chapter of the Australian Immunisation Handbook is a good starting point for your pre-reading.
Moderators may wish to steer the discussion to HPV surveillance and monitoring issues relevant to other countries such as the USA or Canada or draw on the WHO and other global partner initiatives to steer the discussion to monitoring and surveillance systems in developing countries.
Moderators may want to discuss the difficulties of surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases and monitoring coverage in low resource countries in general.
create a faeces bench manual
To create a solution for an important problem in clinical microbiology laboratories- Faeces Bench Procedures Manual. Research microbiological methods and applications, NATA and Medicare requirements and use the results to compile and write a Procedures Manual for the faeces bench in a clinical microbiology laboratory. An additional practical session and weekly tutorials will be scheduled to support student’s research.
Front page – should include your name and student number and the name of the imaginary hospital you are writing it for. Could have a logo if you want but this is not essential.
Amendment record – Goes right at the front of the manual or could go after the contents page – no rules about this but it is essential to have this page as it is part of ISO 17025 guidelines.
This is a spread sheet which has columns for the date, the section or pages being inserted, the pages or sections being removed and a column for the person authorizing the change to sign. To design this will take some time but you are making it up so you don’t need to wait for any research materials.
Contents page – List everything you can think of that you will need to put into your manual. This will start to focus your thinking. At this point add everything you can think ( in whatever order) You then know the extent of what is require. You can add to this or change the order as you go along. ( Processing, culture, parasite detection, reporting, pathogen identification, Clostridum difficile testing, virus detection etc)
It is best to write your manual in the order that the samples would move through the lab. So obviously you don’t put identification methods before you have processed and cultured the sample.
Processing section could have subsections – for example numbering/labelling, recording on worksheet or in computer, culturing, reading, identification, reporting.
Processing or receipt of samples should also have a policy regarding acceptance or rejection of samples.
Each of these subsections could then be expanded as required. For example under culture you may have standard media to use but could have some additions under certain circumstances. Overseas travel may see a TCBS added to your media list.
Parasite detection – This again could have subsections, wet prep, concentration, permanent stained smear.
Discuss how social exclusion can impact on the health outcomes of people with a disability
Correctly formatted cover page, contents page, page numbers (with the introduction on page 1, use section breaks to help, and an introduction, conclusion
And reference page. You must use the APA 6th editions
Fonts size 12, font Times New Roman
You will be required to use only credible sources of academic information
Your answer should include
– Background to the determinant including any relevant statistics and
– Evidence of how the determinant influences the physical and/or mental health and wellbeing of
The identified target group of Australians, i.e. relevant health behaviors as well as health
Outcomes- there may be multiple impacts including physical, mental and social
The impact of the determinant on physical and/or mental health may be positive and/or negative
You may not be able to discuss every aspect of the determinant and their impact on health within
The maximum word limit; therefore you may need to limit your discussion to the major aspects of
The determinant and their impact on health. For example, you may choose to limit your discussion
To the impact on either physical or mental health or to a subset of aspects or examples of the
Determinant. Your introduction is the ideal place to outline the scope of your essay
Note that the maximum word count of 1500 words is NOT to include the title page, contents page or
Reference page. In-text citations are included in the word count. Once 1500 words are reached your tutor will stop marking so please keep within this maximum. Please type the accurate word count in brackets after your conclusion