augustine and rousseau

augustine and rousseau
Philosophy
“Justice removed, then, what are kingdoms but great bands of robbers? What are bands of robbers themselves but little kingdoms?” (Augustine)
“The first man who, having enclosed a piece of land, thought of saying “This is mine‟ and found people simple enough to believe him, was the true founder of civil society‟ (Rousseau).
Discuss with reference to both Rousseau and Augustine. Are they using political theory to simply justify power as it exists, or are they making a different argument? What is distinct in their philosophical questions, approaches, and potential answers? Conclude by examining why their differences matter for the way we conceive of the proper role of society and our own roles within it.

Philosophy of Religion

 Philosophy of Religion
Part A:
Course has examined the Nature of God within the major theistic religious traditions of the world, West and East, by interpreting and analyzing two comogonies (Myths of Creation); GENESIS, chapter One, and the laws of manu, reference was also made to the problem of evil that arrives from the belief that the creator god is good in essence.
Question:
you are to analyze and interpret in detail these two cosmogonies in order to highlight the symbolic world views, characteristics of later judaic christian and islamic traditions (GENESIS) and Hindu traditions (the laws of manu). Finally you are to conclude your essay with a discussion of the problem of evil as interpreted by judaic, christian , islamic and hindu religious traditions.
Part B:
The medieval Philosophers, IBN RUSD, MAIMONIDES and THOMAS AQUINAS developed COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENTS for the existence of God to provide rational basis for the revelation given to the prophets along the line of time. Asserting that MYSTICAL EXPERIENCE is an equally valid basis for religious knowledge, HINDU ABSOLUTISTS, and BUDDHISTS deny the existence of GOD.
Question:
You are to present the COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENTS for the existence of GOD, and then you are to analyze the HINDU and BUDDHIST world views that deny the existence of god. Finally, from your point of view, can the existence of non-existence of GOD be rationally proven by philosophical arguments, whether based upon reason or upon mystical experience.

 

western philosophy

western philosophy
Please answer this question. Descartes before the horse: Make a case for Descartes’ proposition, “I think, therefore I am.” Now make an equally convincing case against this proposition. What do you think he meant?

 

PHILOSOPERS / NATURE OF GOD AND PROOFS OF GOD’S EXISTENCE

PHILOSOPERS / NATURE OF GOD AND PROOFS OF GOD’S EXISTENCE
Choose ONE of your favorite classical philosophers (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle,) and
discuss his main epistemological, ethical and metaphysical views. How can you
relate the philosopher’s views to a modern mind regarding issues on morality,
nature of reality and theory of knowledge?
After reading chapter 10 and 11, write an Essay on the Nature of God and Proofs of God’s Existence by discussing and
comparing the arguments of Augustine, Anselm and Aquinas. How will you
personally approach and explain to a seven year old child who by chance asks
you “Is there a God?” and “How will you prove that God exists?”
(integrate more of your personal view where necessary for the view of happiness )

Thinking About Philosophy

Thinking About Philosophy

It is not unusual to hear people say, “My philosophy about that is…” Generally, what they mean by “philosophy” is not the same as the meaning of “philosophy” in this course. To beginners in philosophy and experts in some philosophical area or topic, “philosophy” has something to do with its original meaning in Greek: philo (love) + sophia (wisdom), or the love of wisdom.
How would you distinguish between what the phrase “My philosophy about that is…” and the word “philosophy” mean?
To prepare to write this 2–3-page essay, review the overviews and resources from Modules One and Two as well as the course resources provided to you. Then review the grading rubric to be sure you see what elements are important in constructing your essay.

Topic: Allegory of The Cave

Here is the prompt of the essay

Write an essay describing how Plato’s “Allegory of The Cave” as an illustration of the Doctrine of the Forms can be seen to reconcile the metaphysical views of Heraclitus and Parmenides. Use most of your space to explain what the allegory is intended to express – The Doctrine of the Forms (e.g., I do not need an elaborate description of the cave). Please make sure that the following questions are answered: what is the allegory an allegory of?; what do the main parts of the allegory refer to or symbolize (i.e. the cave refers to ______, the shadows refer to ______, etc.)?Let’s assume, for the sake of space, that your audience is already familiar with the positions of both Heraclitus and Parmenides. Therefore, you need only remind us what their theories are. Furthermore, please assume we know what an allegory is.  use the textbook, “Philosophy: The Power of Idea” by Brooke Noel Moore and Kenneth Bruder, as an outside source. When you use this source, please put the page number in the text.

write the essay like this format:

1, Set up conflict (Heraclitus, Parmenides)

2, Doctrine of Forms (uni/part, Forms, Allegory)

3,How it resolves conflict?

 

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Philosophy: Apology -Essay

Order Description

Before you start my paper, please make sure you have acess to this book with the same title please its very important you have acess to this same exact book and text heres the link so you know how the book looks like and the title. http://www.bookdepository.com/book/9780872206335?redirected=true&gclid=CJrP26nM67UCFeZFMgodOW8Adg

heres the instrctions and please follow them carefully!! and i ask you not to keep repeating yourself with the same things over and over again please!! Requirements: Three to four paragraphs long (NO EXCEPTION), 12 pt font, Times New Roman, one-inch margin (i.e. leave the margins alone), double space. You must use quotations. Those quotes should not be longer than three entences. I ask that you apply the critical thinking skills on the Apology. PLEASE USE QUOTES BUT DONT GO TO CRAZY AND WHEN YOU USE QUOTES, YOU CITE IT FROM WHICH LINE YOU GOT IT FROM. FOR EXAMPLE, IF YOU WERE TO TAKE THIS QUOTE, " A GOOD MAN CANNOT BE HARMED." YOU CITE IT FROM WHICH LINE YOU GOT IT FROM SO THE LINE THAT I GOT THIS FROM WAS 41C-D. THIS IS THE EXACT WAY YOU WOULD PUT IT INTO MY PAPER, Near the end of his third and final speech, Socrates says "a good man cannot be harmed" (41c-d). " THEN YOU EXAPLIN THE QUOTE BUT PLEASE USE QUOTES AS EXAMPLES AND DONT JUST ADD IN YOUR OWN OPINION. STICK TO WHAT MY PROFESSOR IS ASKING US AND ANSWER IT. DONT MOVE FROM ONE SUBJECT TO ANOTHER. EACH ANSWER MUST BE 3 PARAGRAPGHS LONG AND PLEASE NUMBER MY ANSWERS WHICH ONE GOES WITH NUMBER 1 AND WHICH ONE GOES WITTH NUMBER 2.

REMEMBER PLEASE USE QUOTES AND MAKE SURE YOU TELL ME IN THE PAPER WHICH LINE YOU GOT THE QUOTE FROM. AND PLEASE STAY ON THE SUBJECT AND PLEASE PLEASE DONT GET CARRIED AWAY WITH YOUR OPINIONS JUST STICK TO THE QUESTION AND ANSWER IT IN COMPLETE SENTENCES. ALSO, WHEN YOU START WITH THE FIRST QUESTION WHEN YOU WNAT TO ANSWER IT, START OFF WITH THE QUOTE AND ANSWER THE QUESTION DIRECTLY INTO THREE LONG LONG PARAGRAPHS.

HERE ARE THE QUESTIONS:

1. Near the end of his third and final speech, Socrates says "a good man cannot be harmed" (41c-d). Similarly, he earlier says that his accusers cannot harm him at all, for a "better man" cannot "be harmed by a worse" (30d). What does he mean by this, and do you think it is true?

2. In his first speech, Socrates says that "[t]o fear death . . . is no other than to think oneself wise when one is not" (29a). In responding to an imaginary accuser, Socrates says, "’You are wrong, sir, if you think that a man who is any good at all should take into account the risk of life or death; he should look to this only in his actions, whether what he does is just or unjust [translation modified], whether he is acting like a good or a bad man’" (28b-c). How is this rule of action, this ethical injunction, derived from Socrates’ characteristic wisdom, his knowing that he is not wise? What is the relationship between this wisdom and a recognition that death is beyond our understanding?

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Q&A Principles of Logic -Coursework

Order Description

this is not a paper. just answer the following questions. at least three sentances for each question. Use the book: intorduction to logic 14th edition. isbn-13: 978-0-205-82037-5

Chapter 8
Question 1:How do formal proofs contribute to an understanding of the processes of logical reasoning? Can you see any context in which these may be useful in the real world?
Question 2: Give examples of the distinction between material conditionals and biconditionals not given in the learning modules or in the book, and show how they are distinct.

Chapter 9
Question 1: Please explain how expressing universal categorical propositions as conditionals articulates their internal structures. Why are particular propositions not expressed in that way?
Chapter 10
Question 1: An analogical relationship is obvious when directly expressed. In what other ways do we employ them as a way to understand unfamiliar phenomena?
Chapter 11 and 12
Question 1: Read the Lecture Notes for this section, and address how logic and scientific method determine the nature and limits of rational thinking.
Question 2: How does the structure of the brain parallel the development of human cognition. The answer is in the Lecture Notes.
Chapter 13
Question 1: In what way is probability central to scientific method? To knowledge generally? How is it central to conceptions of epistemology, quantum mechanics, and thermodynamics?

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“Why Did Plato Write?’ Essay

Order Description

You must answer this question in consideration of the notion that Plato is engaged in aesthetic politics. What is he trying to accomplish in, and by, his writing? You answers MUST consider MIMESIS. You might also consider some of the following: inspiration, the quarrel with poetry, myth, the importance of education, the role of the divine, reason, and pleasure. Your answers MUST include the REPUBLIC and LAWS and at least one of the ANCIENT commentators that are listed below.

Instructions:

Your essay should fall somewhere between 2500 and 3000 words, double spaced, 12 pt font. You must include the word count for your essay. NO OUTSIDE SOURCES ALLOWED; ONLY THE TEXTS THAT WE HAVE READ. That means only Repbulic books 2,3 & 10. That means only book #1 of PLATOS LAWS. We have not read anything outside of these so you cannot make reference to something that happened in book #3 of the laws or book 6 of the republic.

Remember to:

Advance an argument; “This essay will argue X”. Your essay must be thesis driven. You cannot possibly attend to everything regarding Platos aesthetic politics. Make a stand; stake your claim and support your thesis in an analytically rigorous fashion.

Support your claims with referene to the text: use stephanus pages in the case of plato ex (Rep.377d) and page numbers from your texts for everything else.

Define your terms. For example, several notions of mimesis are posited in our texts. Be clear regarding which one you are advancing; you may have to do some conceptual work via the texts so that your definition is clear. eg. “By mimesis I mean …

Be aware of who is speaking and whether any conclusion or agreement has been reached: socrates may claim one thing, adeimantus another, and glaucon may or may not agree, etc. Conclusions worked out in one section of the text may turn out to be provisional in light of a later section of the text etc.

A good example for a thesis may have something to do with education: eg..

Plato writes in order to educate citizens, this is what his political aesthic project is involved in. The laws book1- notion of educating citizens. This may be his political aestheic project.

Once the thesis is stated, make 3 claims
that support the thesis and an objection that takes the opposing side. Finally write a conclusion which reiterates the thesis.

BE VERY CLEAR. EXAMPLE : This essay will argue that. First, Second, Third. These points raise the obvious rejection of x..

I have provided lecture notes.

TEXTS:

Jan 8 & 10
• Introduction
• Olympiodorus. Anonymous Prolegomena to Platonic Philosophy

Jan 15 & 17
• Gorgias. Encomium of Helen;
• Plato. Ion, Hippias Major

Jan 22 & 24
• Plato. Symposium

Jan 29 & 31
• Plato. Republic 2,3 & 10

Feb 5 & 7
• Plato. Phaedrus, Timaeus, Sophist

Feb 12 & 14
• Proclus, Commentaries on the Republic, Timaeus,
• Xenophon. Memoirs of Socrates
• Philodemus. On Poems, On Music

Feb 19 & 21
• Aristides Quintilianus. On Music
• Lecture & Review

Feb 26 &28
• Plato. Laws Book 1

YOUR ANSWERS MUST INCLUDE THE REPUBLIC AND LAWS AND AT LEAST ONE OF THE ANCIENT COMMENTATORS. EVERYTHING ELSE IS OPTIONAL AS LONG AS IT HELPS THE ARGUMENT WHETHER IT SUPPORTS IT, OR REJECTS IT. You can use the ancient commentator to help support it or reject the thesis statement.

No real life examples, all in text citation. Please do a good job on this! I am leaving on a reading week trip and this is due when I come back. I have clicked the box that says that it will be fufilled by top 10 writers and will be edited as well.

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SELF, CULTURE AND SOCIETY -Essay

Order Description

SOSC1140 9.0: SELF, CULTURE AND SOCIETY

ESSAY III

ASSIGNED: JANUARY 30 ON COURSE WEB SITE
DUE: WEEK OF FEBRUARY 27 IN TUTORIAL
LENGTH: 4 PAGES MAXIMUM, DOUBLE SPACED
FONT: TIMES NEW ROMAN, SIZE 12
__________________________________________________________________________________________

Use ONLY the Course Kit and class notes. A paper containing any information from the internet will receive a grade of zero. Provide proper citations in the format suggested by your tutorial leader.
__________________________________________________________________________________________

PAPER TOPIC
NOTE: This paper is about the integration of material and ideological conditions. Be sure to balance the two in your paper. Avoid the mistake of placing more emphasis on material conditions simply because they involve three authors. It may help to think of the paper as at least 40% on ideological conditions.

Polanyi refers to the emergence of market society as ?the great transformation? (Polanyi, Kit #18). Discuss what characterizes market society and show why this transformation is so significant. Include a few points about how market society differs from the structures of previous social organizations in order to stress the importance of this development (Heilbroner, Kit #17). Also, present some of the changes that take place in the workplace (Rinehart, Kit #19). We have referred to these as material conditions.

Describe the worldview of people in market society which Weber calls ?economic rationality? (Weber summarized by Bendix, Kit #20). Discuss the importance of these ideological conditions for the emergence of market society.

Conclude by summarizing why the shift to market society is a fundamental socio-economic transformation. Include both material and ideological conditions in this conclusion.

Structure of the Paper

Begin your essay with a thesis paragraph that establishes:
? what will be done in the paper following the steps in the paper topic
? what the paper will show overall

Stick precisely to these steps throughout the paper and establish the most central points in the summary conclusion. Ensure that you have made a final statement of the significance of both the material and ideological conditions.

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