Democracy and Digital Technology in the Contemporary World

Democracy and Digital Technology in the Contemporary World
On balance, will the spread of digital technologies of work, production, and communication advance or hinder the success of Democracy in the contemporary world?
Obviously, this is a very open-ended question and you have great flexibility in how you approach it. Your essay should be focused around the approaches of one or more of the class readings on digital technologies. This includes Lanier’s book, Castells’ article on MyWestminster, and the articles I sent around via email. These leave you with important choices, as they approach the topic differently. Lanier is worried about the impact on the middle class and the underlying social contract that keeps a democracy together. (Remember Crick, Aristotle, Noah??) Morozov is also worried about democratic politics, but from the perspective of the impact of digital technologies on our ability to deliberate effectively about public problems. The piece on the Underground Railroad approaches democratic politics from another perspective. Nicholas Carr’s work, on the other hand, is related to the question of democracy, but in a more distant way. He is worried about our ability to be focused, independent, and clear thinkers more generally, but this obviously has relevance to the future of citizenship. Castells, on the other hand, sees digital technologies as promising tools that empower citizens to challenge power and organize themselves.
You can focus on one of these approaches or discuss a number of them. You should also look for connections to earlier course readings (and use these), and are encouraged to pursue outside sources to develop your argument. However you approach the question, though, be sure to provide a clear and direct – even if tentative – answer to the question above.

Explain the main elements of a bureaucracy as Weber describes them.

Explain the main elements of a bureaucracy as Weber describes them. Explain what Robert Merton mean by goal displacement.
Explain the main elements of a bureaucracy as Weber describes them.
Explain what Robert Merton mean by goal displacement.
Is goal displacement an inevitable outcome of the bureaucratic organizing or could this be reduced by managing a bureaucracy more effectively?

comparative political systems

comparative political systems
The question is which are the major centers of power in the US political system?where does the will of the people figure in the campaigns to bail out banks or bomb countries? or approached as how oligarchical structures may undermine the will of the people in the United States?

have the thesis related to the articles below, and only cite from the articles  sent to you.
also a chapter of the book
Hedrick Smith, Who Stole the American Dream? Prologue, Ch.20 “The High Cost of Imperial Overstretch”


Topic: politics

• Question one will assess your understanding of a core text.
• Question two will assess your ability to critically reflect on the arguments made in the text.
• Question three will assess your ability to critical reflect on the relationship of the themes raised in the text in relation to Australian society and your everyday life.
Each journal entry should follow this format.
Please write a journal entry of up to 500 words answering and reflecting on these three questions
i) Choose a reading from this week and summarise its main arguments ii) Identify at least one element of the argument that you found challenging to the way you think about this topic and explain why and how you found it challenging.
ii) Identify at least one element of the argument that you found challenging to the way you think about this topic and explain why and how you found it challenging.
iii) In what ways does this text help you to think about Eurocentrism or the politics of coloniality in one of the following in the Australian context: politics and political institutions; economics and economic policy; representations in media and/or popular culture.
Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies
Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information:
Indigenous Women’s Organizations and the Political Discourses of Indigenous
Rights and Gender Equity in Peru
The Politics of the Gap: Indigenous Australians,
Liberal Multiculturalism, and the End
of the Self-Determination Era

Milk critical review -Essay

Order Description

Every essay that you write for this course must have a clear thesis, placed (perhaps) somewhere near the end of the introductory paragraph. Simply stated, a THESIS (or ARGUMENT) expresses, preferably in a single sentence, the point you want to make about the text that is the subject of your essay. A THESIS should be an opinion or interpretation of the text, not merely a fact or observation. The best possible THESIS will answer some specific questions about the text. Very often the THESIS contains an outline of the major points to be covered in the essay. A possible thesis for an essay on character in Perry Henzell’s The Harder They Come might read somewhat as follows:

The protagonist of THTC is not a hero in the epic sense of the word, but a self-centered young man bred of economic oppression and cultural dependency. The characters in this film have no real psychological depth, but are markers for a society of consumption and momentary glory.

(You might then go on to exemplify from the text and argue in favor or against this interpretation: your essay need not hold to only one perspective.)

What single, clear QUESTION does the above THESIS attempt to answer?

Each essay should be organized into five (5) paragraphs, each based on one of two to four major ideas, which will comprise the BODY of the essay. Each paragraph must have a topic sentence, often (but not always) towards the beginning of the paragraph, which clearly states the ARGUMENT or point to be made in the paragraph. Following the thesis set forth above, the first paragraph might begin with a sentence like “Ivan’s desires and his destiny are signaled in the opening shots of the film, where the friendly, jumbled interior of the bus is contrasted with Ivan’s first view of the outer world: a world of shiny white cars and beautiful women.” Avoid topic sentences that fail to make an interpretative statement about the work or that merely state something any reader might observe; for example, “The first characters we see are country people on a bus to town.”

Underline the THESIS and each TOPIC SENTENCE in every critical review essay you submit. This exercise will force you to make certain that you have expressed and developed the ideas in your essay clearly and logically. (In other words, do not do this exercise five minutes before you submit the essay but, rather, as you are working on the very first draft.)

Always use present tense verbs in your critical review essays about film texts. Present tense is the verb tense of analysis. Past tense, on the other hand, is the tense of narration. In each essay, you will be analyzing a particular text, not retelling or summarizing the story. If you find yourself slipping into past tense as you compose, you are probably narrating rather than analyzing.

Use specific passages from the text to support each point that you make in your essay. You may simply refer to an event in the text, or you may paraphrase what a character or the narrator says. But the best EVIDENCE will most often be direct quotes from the text.

The Introductory Paragraph – Some Approaches

In your essay, an opening or introductory paragraph may not always be the first one you write. But it will be the first one your readers read and you need to engage your readers’ attention and interest and present all you need to make your thesis clear and convincing.

Some Pitfalls to Avoid

Dictionary definitions: Define key terms and concepts in your opening paragraph, but don’t quote directly from the dictionary to do so. Use a dictionary – more than one dictionary – to formulate the definition in your own words.

Generalizations about “life,” “society,” “people today,” etc.: You don’t want to begin your essay with the kind of statement that teeters on that fine line between opinion (those ideas you will go on to prove) and belief (those ideas unprovable with the evidence offered by the text). Rather than a statement like, “Almost every man has a sense of pride and will go to war to prove it,” try something more specific to the text you are analyzing. “The character of Roland exemplifies how personal pride and personal valor do not always lead to the most fortunate conclusion.”

The painfully obvious: Avoid opening statements like “Dante’s Inferno is about a journey to hell,” or "Roland is the hero of The Song of Roland,” unless such statements are in some way controversial and challenging to traditional interpretations of the text. Try to avoid any kind of tautological formula – “something is something else” – in the opening sentence, especially, but also elsewhere as an “argument.”

Try to distinguish between historical or biographical fact: “Dante’s Inferno was written in fourteenth-century Italy,” and interpretation, especially when you are considering the intention of an author: “Dante wrote his Inferno to expose the problem of Florentine political corruption to the world.” The latter may be a part of your theory or thesis (or conclusion) but if you use it as a statement of fact (an “intentional fallacy”) you will have to prove it rather than merely argue it – a slippery and difficult and perhaps not particularly useful task. Beware also of using vague or imprecise generalizations of terms such as “dramatic,” “realistic,” or “critical,” which differ in their literary and historical significance.

Challenges to Meet

Try for a (syntactically) shapely and relevant opening sentence: be thoughtful and original and persuasive. Always look for interesting ways into your essay: an epigraph, perhaps, or an important episode that seems to set the stage for what you want to say, or a succinct comparison with another well-known work, which will help your reader understand the point you want to make.

Always (particularly in a comparative essay) identify your texts early on. (Usually with full title, full authors’ names, and date/period of publication.)

Think of your thesis statement as the logical goal of the first paragraph. Everything you say here should lead towards (or from) that thesis. Anything that doesn’t lead in that direction – unless you are presenting a view different from yours, which you want to argue against—doesn’t belong in your paragraph. Think of the paragraph as a funnel, where the contents are being concentrated and filtered to one end.

The movie is Milk, 2008; Directed by Gus Van Sant


Making National Decisions as a Key Player -Essay

Order Description

The analysis should be delivered in first-person, and all elements below should be addressed from the perspective of your chosen key player.
The essay should be a focused analysis using relevant concepts and specific examples from the course materials to support your thesis. Additionally, you will be graded on insightful thought, critical analysis, creative thinking and an overall mastery of the course material. Specific attention will be given to your unique contributions. (Grade breakout: 45% for content/support + 45% for critical analysis + 10% for grammar/structure = 100%).

Using the information provided only, take the role of a Key Player in the national decision making process (from the list below–attached), and analyze the author’s premise in the article from this perspective and provide Courses of Action (the ??�what’) the US should take to address issues identified in the article and in that region of the world.

I believe that depending on selection…that would dictate which areas are pertinent. If you were to choose Congress as the Key Player lessons: 1,2,4,5,6,& 10, (as well as pages–144-158,) from the first PDF and lessons 13, & 19 from the second PDF should provide ample information. Again, this depends on the Key Player Chosen. I can review and provide some specifics with regard to the different Key Player options this evening



Order Description

The assignment has two general parts.
Part 1= This assignment involves the content analysis of news articles related to recent Congressional activities — you may select (1) the confirmation hearings related to Senators Hagel and Kerry, (2) the investigation of Benghazi with Secretary Clinton, (3) the hearings on gun control, or (4) immigration reform proposals. You are going to compare the content of two newspapers on a single issue for a single day. You are to select either the New York Times or the Los Angeles Times for Sunday, February 10th, Sunday, February 3rd or Sunday, January 27th. A good choice for your second newspaper is the largest daily in your community – the Arizona Republic, if you are in or near Phoenix, for example. Both of the newspapers you use must be for the same date.
You are to select and read every news article related to the topic you are studying in both newspapers. You will conduct a thematic content analysis of each article. You must create a set of coding categories that will work across all of the articles; you should consider whether the article is positive or negative (about a nominee, the actions of the State Department, federal fire arms policy), if it is policy oriented, if it is trying to convey a position or information (intention).
Readings: Textbook: Political Science Research Methods, 7th Edition by J. Buttolph-Johnson and H.T.Reynolds See this link for ideas on content analysis: and
A theme captures something important about the data in relation to the research question, and represents some level of patterned response or meaning within the data set. An important question to address in terms of coding is what counts as a pattern/theme, or what ‘size’ does a theme need to be? The first time you read the articles you may generate a long list of “themes” and then you should take time to pare that list down to a more manageable number. Think about ways that you may combine codes to identify bigger (or more general) themes. Sometimes you will find that you need to break a theme into two themes to reflect the data. You want a set of themes that accurately reflects the material.

Be sure to define your coding rules so that measures are valid and reliable; include a description of your coding rules in your paper. When you write your rules, ask yourself: Is it easy to follow this rule? Does it capture all statements? You may need to refine your rules as you work through the assignment. Do not make your themes too grand – do not ask them to cover too much or too little; try to limit the number of themes that you use.
Once you have completed the analysis of the articles, write a description of your findings that includes a comparison of the articles across the newspapers. Your paper should be about 4 pages long (2 pages for Part one and 2 pages for part 2) double spaced, with a font size of 12 with Times New Roman, and default margins).

Part 2:
2. This assignment asks that you consider recent campaign season, either state-wide or national (U.S. Senate, governor, president). Your assignment is to construct an unobtrusive measure of attitudes toward a candidate based on an irrelevant criterion (e.g. gender, religion, etc.). Explain why you selected the (a) election/candidate, (b) criterion, and (c) indicator. Precisely how would you use your indicator to predict the outcome of an election . Why do you think this is a good, reliable, valid indicator? This portion of the assignment will likely take 2 pages to complete. Before you tackle this project, you might want to review the unobtrusive measure example


Trusted Traveler Programs -Research Paper

Order Description

IMPLEMENTATION: final project on ?Trusted Traveler Programs? which is including Global Entry, NEXUS Program (formerly frequent traveler), SENTRI (Secure Electronic Network for Travelers Rapid Inspection) and FAST (Free and Secure Trade). These programs are adopted by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP).
The research will focused on the contents of these programs, the kind of travelers and institutions that are involved and the mission of the programs. The research will discuss the following questions:
1What it takes to implement the ?Trusted Traveler Programs??
2What is the application process?
3Who are eligible to get benefit from these programs?
4Who are affected?
5What kind of impact could reach the U.S economy, tourism, safety?
6Dose these programs afford new jobs?
7Finally, the analysis will be given by using ?Strategic Triangle?. ( IMPORTANT IN THE END OF PAPER)
NOTE: The direction to do this research from the Instructor:
The paper should examine:

The content of the policy;
The actors and institutions involved;
The precision and quality of the policy implementation criteria and guidelines; and
The implementation process

The paper should then offer strategies, measures, assessment and monitoring tools and recommendations about what could have been done differently (if anything), and what could still be done to ensure a successful implementation. Double-spaced. Students are encouraged to use bulleting, outlining, and other organizational methods that facilitate clarity and brevity.



Draft Literature Review for Research Design -Research paper

Order Description

Draft literature review for research design due in class, the purpose is review the state of knowledge in the field; not to show where data came from. Papers must be in APA Style with Times New Roman 12 point font.
– Begin generally: here is the basic field I am working in
– Explain the arguments or different opinions (providing examples from the literature) that exist in your field
– Review the specific findings of prior work in your specific area (here you can go into greater detail; do not go into full detail on general works)
– Keep the literature review objective. You can point out weaknesses or strengths of prior work, but don’t insert your opinion here- save it for the conclusions (and even then, maintain formal tone)
– Show how your work fits within the field reviewed.
– Be sure to look at scholarly journals.

Note: If there is not that many referances for my topic just dow on what is available.