Christian universities and seminaries

1Topic: Curriculum @ Chrisitan Univ. vs. Secular
Determine why, or why not, Christian Univ. and Seminaries are choosing to use “secular” counseling courses in their curricula rather than the Bible or known Christian authors.  There are numerous books written on this subject, which I have not read all, but know they exist. The Chair of my department left to my discretion the validity of proving if there is a legitimate reason for this choice. So far, my research has only proven that they either believe that the mind can be retrained/healed through secular methodology, and healing “emotions” is no different than healing the flu; or they firmly believe that there is no room in Christian counseling for foolish secular models such as Adler, Freud, Ellis, June, Piaget, Erickson, etc., and the Bible is where emotional healing comes from. I DO NOT KNOW IF THIS HYPOTHESIS CAN BE PROVEN. Some schools have FAITH AND BELIEVE IN GOD’S ABILITY TO HEAL SUPERNATURALLY, both body and soul.
#1 Positive program
This priority should be the dominant theme in the teaching of Christian counseling. There is a developing consensus in Christian soul care that the time for a recovery of our own identity as distinctively Christian soul-care givers is well overdue (Robert C. Roberts, Eric Johnson, Larry Crabb, Tim Sizemore, and David Powlison).
According to Eric Johnson (2007) a Christian psychology must be shaped primarily by the Christian Scriptures, as well as Christianity�s intellectual and ecclesial traditions.
P. Tripp, �we forget that the Bible is not an encyclopedia, but a story of God�s plan to rescue hopeless and helpless humanity�We cannot treat the Bible as a collection of therapeutic insights. To do so distorts its message and will not lead to lasting change.� (Instruments in the Redeemer�s Hands, p. 9)
Sam Williams article Secular Psychology, Christian Psychology and Christian Counseling July 27, 2011
From the perspective of our definitive narrative, the secular psychotherapies are in need of both repentance and redemption, not because they are all wrong but because they are fundamentally wrong about the most important things.
Christian Counseling begins, not with advice and guidance, but with an announcement and an invitation. This is the Missio Dei, the mission of our God. This God has written to his world in a text that makes universal claims about people, problems and change, and desires that his subjects proclaim this good news to everybody everywhere.
Teachers of counseling must realize that Carl Rogers was not the originator of Person-centered counseling, God is.
The Bible is a collection of books and letters to persons, by persons, from a Person, about a Person. And, as Christians we believe that lives are transformed, not by principles but by a Person.
Christian Counseling is Messianic � We believe that a power/person greater than ourselves has come and can restore us to sanity. The redemptive power of the Gospel of God should be central to the process of change and counsel.
John Piper, �All counseling issues involve the exaltation or the denigration of Jesus Christ. Either our attitudes and feelings and behaviors are making much or making little of Christ. We were created to make much of Christ. There is no true success in counseling if a person becomes socially [or morally] functional without conscious dependence on and delight in Jesus Christ. This is the means and goal of all health.�
John Piper, �All counseling issues involve the exaltation or the denigration of Jesus Christ. Either our attitudes and feelings and behaviors are making much or making little of Christ. We were created to make much of Christ. There is no true success in counseling if a person becomes socially [or morally] functional without conscious dependence on and delight in Jesus Christ. This is the means and goal of all health.�
So, Christian counselors in training must develop a loyalty to the church and a humble recognition of their own limitations. The biblical plan for change is bigger and broader than the secular model, which sees change either as a personal self-help project or as just you and me meeting in my office for 1-2 hours per week.
David Fitch (2005) in The Great Giveaway
�Christian counseling is finally accepted in the church. Ironically, all this takes place amidst devastating postmodern critiques upon modern psychotherapy. Amidst the evangelical and American acceptance of psychology�s legitimacy, postmodern thinkers question its authority, challenge the kind of character it produces, chastise its alignment with individualist, self-centered culture, uncover the nonscientific interpretive nature of its enterprise, and assail it for its complicity with certain power interests of society. In short, the purveyors of postmodern hermeneutics shake the foundations of psychology as practiced in the modern world. And they reveal just how much we evangelicals are married to modernity in the ways we collaborate with therapy as an extension of the church�these postmodern critiques awaken us to the possibility that the church may be �giving away� the spiritual formation of her people to the modern therapists�
As postmodern thinker Michel Foucault enumerated, the psychologist is one of modernity�s pervasive means of structuring the self, what Foucault labels as the �technology of the self��Psychotherapy therefore is a powerful form of spiritual formation�Christianity and psychology do not necessarily lead to the same truth and experience. Instead, they are two different ways of interpreting our reality, producing two different ways of experiencing and living in the world. Indeed, it is possible that psychology and Christianity may diametrically oppose one another�Psychology and Christ therefore form two different kinds of people. We can no longer naively say psychology is true because it is science and �all truth is God�s truth�. Now the all important question for the Christian entering therapy becomes, out of what story will I allow my life to be formed, Jung (or some other theorist) or Christ?�
Christian counseling is therefore incorrigibly missional and messianic, aiming to bring God�s Word to the world created by God and which only God can redeem and renew.

Discuss the nature and key characteristics of biblical narratives – Essay

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Fee and Stuart discussed the nature and key characteristics of the narrative genre. Throughout chapter 5, they attempt to clarify some of the common problems people experience when interpreting and applying of this genre of Scripture. From this data and the 10 principles for interpreting narratives (p. 106), summarize these issues. Please begin by concisely clarifying what narratives are; then, summarize some of the common mistakes that are made as readers engage the biblical narratives. Please use the following book
How to read the bible for all its worth by Gordon D. Fee and Douglas Stuart


Introduction to Chinese religion -Coursework

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1. Why is it said that ‘the three religions of China’ is an inaccurate term for ‘Chinese religion’? 

Lopez, Donald (1996), Religions of China in Practice, Princeton: Princeton University Press. 

Thompson, Laurence G.: Chinese Religion: An Introduction, Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1996 (Fifth Edition), or a more recent edition. [M]

Yao, Xinzhong and Yanxia Zhao: Chinese Religion: A Contextual Approach, Continuum, 2010.[M]

5.1 Culture and History: It is important for you to obtain a general understanding of Chinese culture, philosophy and history so that you can contextualize specific religious ideas, beliefs and practices. Students are encouraged to read at least some part of one or two of the following titles:
(1) Gernet, Jacques: A History of Chinese Civilisation, Cambridge University Press, 1996.[M]
(2) Fung, Yu-lan: A Short History of Chinese Philosophy: A Systematic Account of Chinese Thought from Its Origins to Present Day, New York: Macmillan, 1961. [M]

5.2 Sourcebooks: Many of the religious and philosophical texts are not available in English. The
following sourcebooks are valuable in providing necessary textual reading or in searching more evidence for your argument in discussion and assessed essay:
(1) Chan, Wing-tsit (tr. and comp.): A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy, Princeton University Press, 1963. [M]
(2) de Bary, Wm. Theodore and Bloom, Irene (ed.): Sources of Chinese Tradition, second edition, Vol. 1, New York: Columbia University Press, 1999. [M]

5.3 Books on Chinese Religion: There are many books, textbooks, collections and monographs on Chinese religions some of which are already available in the library. The following is a list of the books deemed especially important, and students are encouraged to read some of them for further research and for writing essays. (* Multi-copies; M: Maughan Library).
l *Adler, Joseph: Chinese Religion, London and New York: Routledge, 2002.[M]
l Allan, Sarah: The Shape of the Turtle: Myth, Art and Cosmos in Early China (SUNY Series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture), [M]
l Bilsky, Lester James: The State Religion in Ancient China, Taipei: The Chinese Association for Folklore, 1975.
l *Ching, Julia, Chinese Religions, Maryknoll and New York: Orbis Books, 1993.[M]
l *Dawson, Raymond, The Chinese Experience, London: Phoenix Press, 2000.[M]
l Fowler, Jeaneane and Merv Fowler: Chinese Religions: Beliefs and Practices (Sussex Library of Religious Beliefs and Practices), Sussex Academic Press, 2007.[M]
l Fowler, Jeaneane: An Introduction to the Philosophy and Religion of Taoism: Pathways to Immortality, 2009. [M]
l Feuchtwang, Stephan: Popular Religion in China—The Imperial Metaphor, London and New York: Routledge, 1991. [M]
l Girardot, Norman J.: Taoism: The Enduring Tradition, [M]
l Glahn, R Von: The Sinister Way: The Divine and the Demonic in Chinese Religious Culture, [M]
l *Küng, Hans and Julia Ching: Christianity and Chinese Religions, New York: Doubleday, 1990. [M]
l *Lopez, Donald S.: Religions of China in Practice, Princeton University Press, 1996. [M]
l *Miller, James: Chinese Religions in Contemporary Societies, Santa Barbara, CA; Denver, CO; Oxford, UK: ABC-CLIO, 2006. [M]
l Overmyer, Daniel L.(ed.): Religion in China Today, The China Quarterly Special Issues New Series, No.3, Cambridge University Press, 2003.[M]
l *Poceski, Mario: Introducing Chinese Religions, London and New York: Routledge, 2009.[M]
l Poo, Mu-chou: In Search of Personal Welfare: A View of Ancient Chinese Religion (SUNY Series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture). [M]
l Slote, Whalter H. and George A DeVos: Confucianism and the Family, SUNY, 1998.[M]
l Soothill, William Edward: The three religions of China, London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1913. [M]
l Smith, David Howard: Chinese religions, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1968 [M]
l Yang, Fenggang and Joseph B. Tamney: State, Market, and Religions in Chinese Societies (Religion and the Social Order), [M]
l *Yao, Xinzhong and Paul Badham: Religious Experience in Contemporary China, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2007. [M]


Theology -Essay

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BOOK: God’s Smuggler by Brother Andrew
Detailed analysis of chapters 12 through 16 (5 chapters) NOTE: does not need to be in APA format and no references


Doctrine of the Holy Spirit -Essay

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1. Read Arrington ?Contemporary Issues Concerning Spiritual Gifts? and Hurtado ?Fruit of the Spirit.?
2. Answer these discussion questions: Be sure to incorporate your response to each of the questions below.
? From Arrington:
o What, in Arrington’s words, is the purpose of this article?
o Briefly summarize the article, indicating points of interest, agreements/disagreements with the author.
o Arrington believes the charismata are given to individual Christians. Do you agree with Arrington? Why or Why not?
o What is Arrington’s rationale for the relationship between "gifts" and "fruits" of the Spirit? Do you agree/disagree? Why?
? From Hurtado:
o Briefly summarize the article, indicating points of interest, agreements/disagreements with the author.
o What are the three things Hurtado concludes about the fruit of the Spirit?
o According to Hurtado, what is the purpose of Christian freedom? How does this relate to the fruits of the Spirit? How does this relate to the circumstance in the Galatian church?
o Respond to Hurtado’s statement that, "The nine terms are not simply to be seen as inner attitudes or personality attributes that one seeks….Rather, these terms describe personal behavior essential to corporate Christian life and reflect an attitude that has others in view rather than one’s own private religious aims." Do you agree with Hurtado? Why or Why not?
General Question: ? What is your overall response to the readings from K and P this week?
3. Your INITIAL POST must be a critical, substantive evaluation of these readings in response to the questions listed in #2 above (approximately one small paragraph of substantive response for each question.


Spiritual Needs Assessment-Essay

The Joint Commission provides some guidelines for creating spiritual assessment tools for evaluating the spiritual needs of patients.Using these resources and any other guidelines/examples you can find,make up your own tool for assessing the spiritual needs of patients.The spiritual needs assessment tool should include a minimum of 5 questions that can either be answered by the patient and/or by your observation of the patients.The information can be presented in a Word document, table,or in questionnaire format. Using your assessment tool questions,practice completing a spiritual assessment with a patient,family member,or friend. Once complete,analyze your results in 750-1000 words with the following:
Write a brief summary of your assessment findings.2)What significant discoveries did you make about the individual you chose to assess?3)What went well? 4)What would you do differently in the future? 5)Were there any barriers or challenges that inhibited your ability to completer the assessment tool? 6)How would you address these in the future or change your assessment to better address these challenges? 7)Describe the spiritual experience you had with your patient,family member, or friend using the tool. 8)How does this tool allow you to better meet the needs of your patient? While APA format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected and references should be presented using APA documentation guidelines. Submit your assessment tool, patient answers, and your analysis of how the assessment went.