personality and addiction

personality and addiction
(a) Research Proposal:
Once a research question has been decided upon in consultation with your supervisor(s), a research proposal must be written and submitted in term 2 (date to be confirmed). The proposal should be constructed using the following structure :
1. Title of proposed project.
2. Name of student.
3. Justification for the project; that is, what is its relevance to psychological assessment and/or a particular issue or problem? How will the study contribute to or develop our understanding of the problem, and what implications (conceptual, methodological) for assessment practice may result from the research?

 

personality and addiction

personality and addiction
(a) Research Proposal:
Once a research question has been decided upon in consultation with your supervisor(s), a research proposal must be written and submitted in term 2 (date to be confirmed). The proposal should be constructed using the following structure :
1. Title of proposed project.
2. Name of student.
3. Justification for the project; that is, what is its relevance to psychological assessment and/or a particular issue or problem? How will the study contribute to or develop our understanding of the problem, and what implications (conceptual, methodological) for assessment practice may result from the research?
4. Summary of the project in approximately 150 words.
5. Brief (one page) review of the literature.
6. State what hypothesis or hypotheses will be tested. If you will not be testing a hypothesis, state the aims of the study. Where statistical analysis will be carried out, the rationale for this should be justified.
7. Describe the research design (including type of research, data collection methods and the nature of the analysis). Details of proposed data collection methods (e.g. questionnaires) should be attached to your proposal.
8. List and describe any ethical problems that may affect your research, and state whether or not approval from an ethical committee (e.g. in a hospital) has been obtained.
9. Set out a proposed timetable which covers all aspects of research activity (e.g. pilot questionnaire, write up results) on a month by month basis.
10. Supervisor(s): list the name of those supervising the dissertation. Please note that aresearch proposal is a contract between you and a supervisor. The proposal MUST be agreed before research can commence.
This study is designed to measure substance use. It is hypothesised that specific preference for a music genre and scoring high on the trait boredom proneness, fantasy proneness can lead to substance use. Boredom Proneness will be assessed using 28 item ‘The Boredom Proneness Scale’ using a 7-point likert response. Fantasy Proneness will be assessed using 25 item self measure of fantasy proneness called the ‘Creative Experiences Questionnaire’ using Yes/No responses. 12 item ‘ Music Consumption Scale’ will be used to asses the frequency of the music consumption behaviours. 10 item ‘ Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test ‘ will be used to asses the typical pattern of drinking . 8 item ‘The Cannabis Use Disorder Identification Test’ will be used to investigate persons experiences with cannabis use (if there is such experience) and a 14-item scale ‘Short Test of Music Preferences’ will be used to asses individuals preferences in music genres. Questionnaires will be served on an online survey. There will be 200 Participants that will be recruited on Facebook or online forums. All the participants will be debriefed at the end of the experiment.
Substance use is becoming more and more common than most people think. In fact, most people get exposed to a certain drug (legal or illegal) at some point in their life either due to social reasons or lifestyle choices. In this study I was interested in the relationship between substance use, music preference and personality measures. As part of the questionnaire, you answered questions about fantasy proneness, boredom proneness, Music Consumption Scale, AUDIT Scale, CUDIT-R and STOMP. These personality measures and music genre preferences were believed to complement the substance use.

 

Research article critique

Research article critique
Select a nursing research article that includes a nursing theory and the exploration of a clinical problem. Critique the nursing research article (excluding title and references). The paper will be evaluated on the effectiveness of the discussion of the following components. If a component is not present in the article, its absence should be discussed.
•Identify the research problem.
•Identify the research purpose.
•Summarize the review of literature.
•Identify the nursing framework.
•Identify the research questions and hypotheses.
•Identify the variables.
•Identify and discuss the appropriateness of the design.
•Discuss the validity of the research.
•Discuss the efficacy of the study. Did it resolve the question?
•Discuss the legal and ethical issues of the study. Include the use of human subjects and their protection.
•Describe any cultural aspects of the study.
•Describe the sample.
•Describe the procedures.
•Summarize the results.
•Describe how the results of the research may impact future nursing practice.
•Apply the research to the student’s nursing practice.

MRP#2

MRP#2
Methods of Research
Major Research Project
Master Research Project 2 (Literature Search) Instructions
Literature Search – In this step, you need to utilize the online research databases of the MSU
Library to find relevant literature on your selected topic.
Description:
Find at least 10 journal articles, theories or reports published within the past 15 years. Students are encouraged to use the online Library Guides (found in Canvas) provided by the MSU library. At least seven of the 10 articles must be empirical peer-reviewed journal articles, an appropriate theoretical model(s) or reports from a credible (government, not for-profit organization, etc.) source. In addition, you need to provide an annotated list of references in APA style. Your literature search shall have the following sections.
Literature Search
I. Research question (from MRP1)
II. Description of your search attempt (in a table format)
a. Which online databases, journals, organization websites did you try?
b. What specific keywords did you use?
c. What criteria did you specify (i.e. search in the title, author, journal title etc)?
d. How many hits did you get?
e. Out of the hits, how many are most relevant? Out of the relevant hits, how many journal articles were selected?
III. Annotated list of references
Expanded Description:
A search attempt refers to a unique combination of databases, keywords, and search criteria used to locate sources.
Annotated list of references should explain why the source was relevant to research problem/question (i.e. what in the article led you to use this source as it pertains to the research problem, did you find a nugget of information worth using). In this section, provide an alphabetical listing of relevant journal articles, reports and/or theoretical models found as a result of your search attempt. Please maintain your list in APA style. Each source should be followed with a short explanation (50 – 150 words) as to why the article was used. It is important to remain unbiased in a literature search and select articles supportive of multiple perspectives.
You are encouraged to use the supplemental resource Writing Literature Reviews as you identify articles in your search attempt. The supplemental resource will help you identify pertinent information in the articles, reports and theories more quickly. Literature searches must move quickly if you plan to cover a lot of material. Knowing what to look for will maximize your time.
Please note that you may be asked to provide electronic copies of the sources found in MRP2. Shortcuts and falsified information will not be tolerated.
How to submit:
Submit your work as a Microsoft Word document in the designated area in Canvas. Name the file LastName_AssignmentName (i.e. Wilson_MRP2).
Criteria:
Your literature search should …
• Adequately address the outline listed above
• Clearly describe your search process.
• Have a list of reference citations and annotate each one with
o 1.) explanation as to why the article was relevant and
o 2.) what was pulled from the article that addresses the research problem. Seven of the 10 must be empirical research, theoretical model(s) or reports from credible sources.
• Be relatively thorough in your search.
10 points It meets all the requirements and needs no revision.
8-9 points It meets most requirements and needs few/or some revision.
6-7 points It meets some requirements and needs more revision.
1-5 points It meets few requirements and needs further systematic revision.
0 points It does not meet any requirements.
Resources:
Chapter 3
Start with the resources available to you and free of charge — the online research databases
(especially the full-text databases) offered by the MSU library. Some databases offer full-text resources, while others do not. You are encouraged to still search databases that do not offer full-text; the citation information may be enough to locate an article needed for your study. You are encouraged (but not limited) to use in your search attempts the following databases if available:
• AcademicOneFile
• Academic Search Complete
• Education Research Complete
• Education Resources Information Center
• JSTOR
• Lexis-Nexis
• OmniFile
• Professional Development Collection
• Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection
• SAGE Reference Online
Using browsers and wiki sites such as Google and Wikipedia are NOT recommended. Google Scholar is acceptable.
Use the Library Guides link in the Canvas course shell. Select our department Human Development and Leadership as well as others depending on the topic. Select the Finding Articles tab. A variety of suggested, searchable databases will appear.
Choose meaningful keywords that best describe the problem/topic you want to investigate. Try different combinations of those keywords and using different criteria (search in title, abstract, citation, full text etc). Identify that you only want to search within full-text and peer-reviewed (check those boxes if those options are available). You can determine whether a peer-reviewed article is also empirical by examining its Method section. If there is no method section or in its method section there is no clear description of the sample, sample selection or collection, measures and procedures, or analysis the article is NOT empirical. Remember to download and save a copy of your interested full-text articles to your own computer. You are expected to read them. If there is one particular article that you are interested in, yet you cannot find it in the online database in full text, check to see whether 1.) the journal is accessible online, 2.) the library has a hard copy of that journal or 3.) you can retrieve it through the interlibrary loan service.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Q: How many articles shall be selected?
Answer: At least 10 sources must be used. Seven of the 10 must be either a report from a credible source or come from a peer reviewed journal or organization.
Q: What does empirical research article mean?
Answer: Empirical studies use data derived from actual observation or experiment. Original research papers that describe empirical studies and their results are published in academic journals.
Q: Are review (or meta-analysis) articles empirical studies?
Answer: No, but can be used as a source. Three of 10 sources can be something other than a peer-reviewed journal article or report. Meta-analysis or review articles can also provide a thread to other sources.
Q: Are newspaper articles empirical studies?
Answer: No
Q: Are dissertations journal articles?
Answer: No, but could be included as a source. Three of 10 sources can be something other than a peer-reviewed journal article or report. A thesis and dissertation may support your research or simply provide a thread for other sources.
Q: What does peer-review mean?
Answer: Peer-review is a process of subjecting an author’s scholarly work, research or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field.
Q: Can I select an empirical peer-reviewed article published in 1960?
Answer: No, it was published more than 15 years ago.
Q: Where can I find some information on the APA style?
Answer: 1) Get a copy of the APA manual, http://www.apastyle.org/manual/index.aspx, 2) Purdue Writing Lab APA Format:

Cognitive Adeptness

 Cognitive Adeptness
 Cognitive Adeptness
 Introduction
 Cognitive adeptness spans across various domains of cognitive psychology, including but not limited to learning, thinking, reasoning, and understanding. One’s ability to learn, think, reason, and understand is integral to one’s effectiveness as a leader. Consider the following questions and how each relates to cognitive adeptness: How well do leaders comprehend, analyze, synthesize, and evaluate? How easily do they manage tensions between data and concepts, details and the big picture, and congruence and divergence? How effectively do they manage complexity, paradox, and ambiguity? Can they see the whole system? By what means and processes do they solve problems and make decisions? This week, you will consider two of the many areas of cognitive adeptness important to leadership, thinking and making sense of ambiguous situations.
 Learning Outcomes
 By the end of this week, you should be able to:
 • Distinguish various types of thinking
 • Justify the uses of various types of thinking
 • Evaluate and justify different types of sense making
 • Analyze cognitive skills required for different types of sense making
 Discussion – Week 7
 Thinking
 Problems, tasks, and decisions vary in complexity, thus necessitating different kinds of thinking. For example, a brainstorming session may require a different way of thinking than a weekly meeting may require. Knowing when to use each type of thinking and transitioning smoothly from one type of thinking to another are key elements in cognitive adeptness.
 To prepare for this Discussion:
 • Review the course media “Leadership Competency: Cognitive Adeptness” and the article “Vertical Versus Lateral Thinking.” Pay particular attention to various types of thinking and when each is used.
 •
 • Select two types of thinking and consider how they differ.
 •
 • Think about specific examples in which it might be appropriate to use the types of thinking you selected. (Note: Please do not use examples that are presented in the course media or article.)
 With these thoughts in mind:
 Write a brief description of two types of thinking. Then explain the differences between the types of thinking you described. Finally, provide specific examples of situations in which each type of thinking might be appropriate to use and explain why.
 Note: Identify the two types of thinking you selected in the first line of your post. You will be asked to respond to a colleague who selected at least one type of thinking that you did not. Please do not use examples that are presented in the course media or article.
 Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.
 Read your colleagues’ postings.
 Learning Resources
 This page contains the Learning Resources for this week. Be sure to scroll down the page to see all of this week’s assigned Learning Resources. To access select media resources, please use the streaming media player below.
 Readings
 • Article: Hernandez, J. S., & Varkey, P. (2008). Vertical versus lateral thinking. Physician Executive, 34(3), 26-28.
 Use the Business Source Premier database, and search using the article’s Accession Number: 31961952
 • Article: Maitlis, S. (2005). The social processes of organizational sensemaking. Academy of Management Journal, 48(1), 21-49.
 Use the Business Source Premier database, and search using the article’s Accession Number: 15993111
 • Article: Weick, K. E., Sutcliffe, K. M., & Obstfeld, D. (2005). Organizing and the process of sense making. Organization Science, 16(4), 409-421.
 Use the Business Source Premier database, and search using the article’s Accession Number: 18314473

Research paper

 Research paper
 A. Find an internet article (e.g. newspaper articles, magazine articles, blogs, other web articles) which targets the general public and/or a specific population of interest. This article must contain information on a researchable topic, or on a published research article.
 Then….Find 6 Primary Research Studies
 B. Primary Research studies will typically:
 A. Mention the name of a research design (e.g. correlation, quasi-experimental, phenomenology, etc.).
 B. Will have a population of interest (subjects) that are humans
 C. Quantitative Articles will have statistics in their results
 D. Qualitative Articles when you flip though them will use direct quotes in block form to represent their data.
 ? Ideally your 6 articles will be all Quantitative or all Qualitative, have similar populations, interventions, or dependent variables.
 ? Bonus Finds but not counted as part of your 6 Primary studies:
 ? Studies where the method searches literature databases (e.g. is based off a library search).
 ? Any article that calls itself a systematic review, an integrative review, a meta-analysis or meta-synthesis.
 ? Stay Away From
 ? Articles that just provide “information” and have no method.
 Background to the Research Problem
 ? This might be a discussion of the prevalence of disease your subjects are dealing with. It might be the number of surgeries performed each year.
 ? It might be a failure of the health care system (like public funding creates waiting lists and a prioritization system needed to be developed).
 ? It might be mortality.
 ? It might be a physiological circumstance or biological reality (e.g. how does music influence the brain to cause relaxation).
 ? It might be a theoretical premise (e.g. Lazerus and Folkman’s model of stress and coping describe these key concepts as defining stress…)
 ? It might be all these things and many many more and the opening paragraphs of your 5 studies will give you hints as to what you discuss.
 ? You may need additional references , beyond your 5 articles, on your subjects and your topic in order to address this area well.
 ? Most of this information will be presented in your introductory paragraph and the paragraph that follows.
 Describe your Article
 ? Give a very brief description of the article directed to the general public or your clinical scenario.
 ? If you chose a web article/blog/news article summarize the focus of the content and what inspired your further investigation into the topic
 ? If you chose a clinical scenario, describe what happened and how it differed from what you have been taught.
 ? In both options you need to AVOID first person.
 Why is the problem significant/important to nursing?
 ? What is the nurse’s role in assessing, planning, intervening or evaluating the patient population that is the focus of your paper?
 Discussion of research findings from your 5 studies: Compare and contrast
 ? Report on the findings of your 5 articles in a compare and contrast format.
 ? It is a poor strategy to deal with your articles one at a time. And there will be a significant grade discussion if you do so.
 ? You must address this section from the 5 primary studies you examined and these should be the only articles cited in this section. (Exception would be if you also have a systematic review, meta-analysis, meta-synthesis at your disposal).
 ? You may use a table as one compare and contrast method but the table must be mentioned, discussed, and described in the body of your paper with an appropriate cross reference (See Table 1).
 ? You should be using the discussion sections (and perhaps the results section) of your 5 articles to help you do this portion of the paper. If you have 5 quantitative studies use the discussion. If you have 5 qualitative articles, you will need to use the results and do a mini- analysis of the themes presented in all your articles.
 Discussions of strengths and weaknesses of these studies
 ? Use the discussion section of your 5 articles. Each should have a section describing study limitations and possibly strengths.
 ? If all the studies in your pile have been descriptive (non-experimental), this is a failing of the body of research.
 ? Look for flaws in the research design. Look at what each author says are the limitations to their research study (discussion section of your 5 articles). Do all the studies or do several of the studies mention the same flaw? E.g. do they all use convenience samples?
 ? What are some of the good aspects of the present research? Do they all have interventions? Are those interventions any good?
 Discussion of research findings from your 6 studies: Compare and contrast
 ? Report on the findings of your 5 articles in a compare and contrast format.
 ? It is a poor strategy to deal with your articles one at a time. And there will be a significant grade discussion if you do so.
 ? You must address this section from the 5 primary studies you examined and these should be the only articles cited in this section. (Exception would be if you also have a systematic review, meta-analysis, meta-synthesis at your disposal).
 ? You may use a table as one compare and contrast method but the table must be mentioned, discussed, and described in the body of your paper with an appropriate cross reference (See Table 1).
 ? You should be using the discussion sections (and perhaps the results section) of your 5 articles to help you do this portion of the paper. If you have 5 quantitative studies use the discussion. If you have 5 qualitative articles, you will need to use the results and do a mini- analysis of the themes presented in all your articles.
 Compare Research Literature to the Internet Article
 ? How does the peer reviewed research compare to the information contained the in internet article that was the basis of inspiration for your topic?
 ? How does the peer reviewed research compare to real life practice as witnessed in your clinical scenario?
 Nursing Implications
 ? This section differs from the section earlier in your paper which asks you to identify the importance of your topic to nursing.
 ? Now that you have completed an analysis of what information is out there in the general public (or clinical area) and what the research says is best Evidence Informed Practice, discuss what nursing needs to do next.
 ? If you have chosen a directly nursing focused topic and your research has been located in primarily nursing journals, you should be able to draw your content for this portion of the assignment from the discussion, or conclusion section of the articles you already have. (Nursing journals require authors to identify nursing implications as part of their discussion or conclusions).
 ? If you have chosen a less nursing focused topic you may need to go to the nursing literature to discover how nursing practice can change or be impacted by this issue.
 Final notes:
 ? Papers should be 5-7 pages in length excluding title page, reference list and appendixes/tables.
 ? You can write the paper in any order that makes sense for your topic.

Final Project: Final Research Paper

Final Project: Final Research Paper
Submit your final research paper, It should include a cover page, abstract, intro/lit review, method section, results (simply report what statistics you propose to use), discussion section, and reference page.
Your final paper should be double-spaced, and properly edited.
1. Cover page: Pay attention to APA style
2. Abstract: Is written on its own page and is a very brief summary of your study. Think in terms of one sentence stating your research question, one or two sentences regarding background and what we already know about it, one or two sentences regarding your methodology (e.g., how many participants were used and how were your variables assessed), and one or two sentences about your findings.
3. Intro/lit review: incorporate the feedback and make revisions to the introduction and literature review submitted in
4. Method section: incorporate the feedback and make revisions to the Method section submitted.
5. Results section: in one paragraph, state what statistical test would have been used and why it was chosen.
6. Discussion section: broken down into the following paragraphs:
o paragraph 1: statement of your results/findings (or what you imagine might be your results).
o paragraph 1: statement of your results/findings (or what you imagine might be your results).
o paragraph 2: what might have affected those results (i.e., threats to internal and external validity). Include flaws in your design and confounding variables.
7. Reference page: Pay attention to APA style and refer to the example in your textbook.

Final Project: Early Methods Section

 Final Project: Early Methods Section
You will need to write a Methods section where you will assess and evaluate the methods of research.
In preparation for this particular section, answer the following questions thoroughly and provide justification/support. The more complete and detailed your answers for these questions, the better prepared you are to successfully write your final paper.
Please submit your answers as a single 4- to 6-page document as a numbered list; this will ensure you do not inadvertently miss a question.
1. What is your research question?
2. What is your hypothesis or hypotheses? What is the null hypothesis?
3. How many participants would you like to use and why? What are the inclusion characteristics, i.e., what must they have in order to be included in your study (for example, gender, diagnosis, age, personality traits, etc.)? Are there any exclusion characteristics, i.e. are there certain characteristics that would exclude them from being in your study? Does the sample need to be diverse? Why or why not?
4. What sampling technique will be used to collect your sample? What population does your sample generalize to?
5. What are the variables in your study? HINT: Refer back to your hypothesis or hypotheses.
6. Provide operational definitions for each variable.
7. How will you measure each variable? Discuss the reliability and validity of these measures in general terms.
8. What technique will be used for data collection (e.g., observation, survey, interview, archival, etc.)?
9. What type of research design is being used?
10. Briefly discuss the procedure that would be followed when conducting the research.
11. What are some POTENTIAL ethical issues? How might they be addressed?

 

News Content Analysis

: News Content Analysis
upload a news diary. Please look at the representation of Islam and Islamic people, write a 1000 word fully-referenced critical analysis of the news content. You will need to provide: a brief abstract, a description of the methodology you use to measure the news stories, a short literature review, an analysis of your data, and a conclusion. looking at the language that’s used in reports, where the stories sit in newspapers or in news bulletins, how certain groups of people are represented, what sources are used, what are the sources of stories, etc.
Please use these references provided as well as others from your research.
1) Herbert, J 2001 “Practising Global Journalism”
2) Quaraishu, B 2001 ‘Islam in the Western Media’ in the Muliticultural Skyscraper Newsletter Vol. 1, No. 3 12 Oct, p. 6
3) Analysing Newspaper Content. A How-To Guide by Lynch and Limor Peer, ph. D. 2002
4) Said, E 1997, ‘Islam as news’, in Covering Islam: how the media and the experts determine how we see the rest of the world. Reved, Vintage, NY, p.3-35
5) Seib, P 2002, ‘Collision: technology, money and ethics’, in the global journalist: news and conscience in a world of conflict, Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, Maryland, p.1-22

 

Research report comparing Sydney and Brisbane

Research report comparing Sydney and Brisbane
Compare these cities based on two factors – “liveability” and economics.
Compare the costs of public transport and housing of the two cities.
•Compare the average unemployment rate of the two cities over the last five years.
•Compare the average number of days sunshine (by month), the average rainfall (by month, and the average temperature (by month) of the two cities.
•Provide recommendations to a potential immigrant about the best city to migrate to.
After brainstorming some of your own ideas, you must find a minimum of three sources which relate to the topic. These references must be of academic quality – Wikipedia, e-zine articles, about.com and articles without an author are not acceptable. Ideally, your resources should be:
• a book (from the library), and
• at least one academic journal article, and
• credible websites (such as government body or research website).
All reference sources must be in English. Referencing, both in-text and bibliography, must use the Harvard referencing style.
executive summary
page contents
introduction
page numbers
header