Requirement for argument essay:
Now that we have read and discussed various issues relevant to our environmental theme, you should be ready to write a paper in which your goal is to present a researched and mediated position. In this paper, your task is to write an argumentative paper in which you will research various perspective on an issue of your choice (it should be “environmental” in some way, related to something we have read or discussed in class), and then draw conclusions based on your research. This assignment is not simply a report; you must make a claim and support it, taking into consideration various points of view.
While the position you take on whatever issue you choose to write about will be your opinion, you must sufficiently argue that point of view. It is not of issue to me whether I think you are right or not, instead I will assess how skillfully you argue using a variety of sources. You should also address any possible refutations, giving “the other side of the argument” due consideration.
Note: Even though this is the longest paper of the semester, you’ll need to narrow your focus. Even in a 5-page paper, you simply can’t address a large, complex topic. (Global Warming, for example, is probably too large a thing to tackle in a handful of pages.) Remember, the smaller your focus, the more in depth you can be.
You must use at least five sources for your essay. These sources can be from American Earth or elsewhere. You are permitted to use visual sources (advertisements, etc., but if you choose to do this, you should still have at least four written sources.) If you use sources on the Internet or from texts we have not read, you must attach a photocopy of these materials to your essay (if the source is long, just photocopy the first page). You may not use a paper or portion of a paper that you have written for another course.
Additionally, you will be required to give a 8-10 minute individual presentation about your paper.
Planning and Drafting
When picking a topic to write about, think of what has interested you most throughout the semester. If there was a particularly reading or discussion we had, go from there and explore a certain issue further. Here are some examples of sufficiently narrow topics to get you thinking:
–The morality of ecotage or direct environmental action
–An argument for or against the right to patent life (think Monsanto seed patents as mentioned in Food Inc.)
–The government’s role in conservation (think Abbey’s ideas on National Parks)
This assignment, more than any other this semester, requires careful planning. To a large extent, the success of your paper will depend on how thoroughly and diligently you carry out the writing process. Below are some suggestions for getting started.
1. Restrict your topic to an area of the subject that you can handle in a short paper. State your topic in the form of a question and then decide whether or not you can answer it within the limited scope of your paper. If you tightly restrict your topic, you’ll find that you can construct a much more complete and satisfying paper.
2. Once you’ve focused your topic, collect your evidence from readings in our class and possible other sources, and formulate a preliminary thesis. As you write your draft or outline, test your thesis and, if necessary, modify it as you go.
As you can see, you need to complete several preliminary steps before you begin writing in earnest. Between composing your rough draft and your final paper, you’ll need to keep several additional things in mind.
1. Consider your readers. How much do your readers know about your topic? Are they interested in it? Do they have strong opinions about it? Do not assume that your readers have read the sources you have read.
2. Keep in mind your purpose (e.g., to persuade your readers to accept your position and perhaps to act on it).
3. Interweave your sources into your paper to substantiate your thesis. Be careful not to rely exclusively on one source. Verify the accuracy of your information and quotations. Miscues can undermine the credibility of your thesis.
In documenting your sources use the MLA format.
Be careful not to plagiarize. If you use exact words from a source, be sure to use quotation marks, in-text citations, and a Works Cited page. Also, check to see that you haven’t used too many quotations in the paper; paraphrase or summarize the information instead. If you are paraphrasing, you must cite this as well. Remember plagiarizing does not just mean using a direct quote with quotations or citations, you can plagiarize an idea.
Since this is your last out-of-class essay (except for the revision/reflection paper for the portfolio), you will want to demonstrate that you can employ the strategies and techniques we’ve talked about in the course. Some of them are listed below:
• a focused topic with a thesis that goes beyond the points made in the essays we read
• relevant, concrete details that support your thesis
• a logical pattern of organization; transitions form one idea to the next that guide your reader through your material; unified
• paragraphs, language and tone adapted to your subject, purpose, and audience.
• a variety of sentence types (not short, choppy sentences)
• accurate, well-documented use of sources (including paraphrasing and quoting)
• few or no errors in correctness that distract the reader
Revise one of your earlier assignments (1-5).As you think about which piece to revise, choose one that 1) allows you to focus on writing and 2) you can easily see ways of improving.
Important: Revision here means more than editing; it means, “re-seeing” the subject. You should include additional material, delete parts that don’t work, reorganize the piece, refine your opening and closing, improve your title, etc.—in other words, you need to do a significant amount of rewriting.
Planning and Drafting
As you begin, look over earlier drafts of your chosen piece (and any accompanying process materials) as well as feedback you received (both from peers and instructor), asking yourself the following questions:
• Which areas need the most improvement?
• Where have I changed my mind about anything I wrote earlier, and how can I incorporate that changed thinking?
• Where can I offer additional development or clarification?
• What doesn’t seem to belong?
• Can I see a better way to arrange the ideas in my new version?
• What other issues do I need to address to make this piece more effective?
The piece you submit here should clearly be more successful in achieving its purpose and reaching its intended audience than the earlier version.
With your new-and-improved draft, include any new process materials you generate during revision. I will reference your original graded paper and my comments when evaluating your revision.
What I found most interesting about your paper is the reason why CO2 is peddled as the main, if not sole agent in climate change. It makes it easy to dismiss the science as incomplete, though there is general consensus. Some places in your paper still feel a bit unorganibased on what you know about Hamlet, discuss 4 realities of modern American life that would deeply depress him/ drive him crazy.in which, Act and Scene it would relate to. examples: entertainment now in days..what would he think of Jersey Shore or even Britney Spears? Etc
If you have any questinon please feel free to contact me.