Globalization in linguistics: the conflict between English and Spanish
Use headings and sub-heading to organize the research paper.
Change the title if it is not appropriate or suggest one.
1. Introduction (1 page): introduce the research topic and its relevance to globalization and insecurity. Explicitly state the research question. Clearly state the thesis. Outline the essay plan.
2. Literature review (5 pages) Define/ explain the concepts to be used in the paper. Outline the major debates in the literature on this topic and or the different approaches to studying the topic. Identify how this research paper fits into this larger debate.
3. Evidence and Analysis (8 pages): Present the case study, evidence, data that support the argument. Analyze the problem under investigation.
4. Discussion and conclusion (1 page): briefly summarize the arguments and findings. Discuss the implications of the research. Outline any questions or avenues for future research.
5. Bibliography: online sources -books, articles and journals accessible to the public.Include more than the proposed for me.
I. Research Question
Globalization has visibly changed every aspect of human life. In the case of language, there are historical notions of this phenomenon when languages in contact, another kind of conquest that caused their hybridization, death and evolution. English has positioned itself as the lingua franca throughout the years; however, its historical-social expansion is listed as an instrument of imperial control that threatens the survival and stability of localized languages in the linguistic periphery.
This proposal seeks to answer the following questions: how does the hegemony of English affect Spanish in this globalized world? Are there more negative than positive effects? Specifically, I will focus on determining the changes of hipercentralidad of this language (English) and its relation to the current expansion of Spanish.
II. Relevant literature and research contribution
The questions I asked will be answered with the views of several experts (see bibliography) in this current issue, which have discussed the effects of the globalization of English. Also, according to Harrison (2008), the alarming disappearance of languages by the threat of globalization will be discussed, especially when compares this process with the extinction of species of flora and fauna. Due to the broad spectrum of the problem, only the case of the Spanish language will be discussed, which this process has also damaged. That is, with respect to the influence of English and “The “Americanization Project” in different areas of life, such as trade, industry, international relations and particularly information technology and communication.
Moreover, it is noteworthy that Spanish has gone against the monopoly of the English language with an apologetic speech. That is Spanish language is considered the “oil”, a natural resource and a multinational company, according to the Government of Spain according to ABC newspaper (2008). The ideas presented will be supported with arguments Grijelmo (2002), who is in the defence of this language.
As for the contribution to be conducted in this research, it will be the update of this topic, find its limitations, and a critical discussion of the solutions that have been designed for the conflict between English and Spanish: a battle for linguistic territories. A potential solution to this problem is to reform the language policies of Mexico in order to defend its national language and dialects.
III. Main argument
The research starts from the idea that the monopoly of English with globalization brings more problems than benefits in the field of multilingualism, as global expansion has threatened linguistic diversity of countries with national and local “inferior” languages, defying at the same time the conditions of human development, as well as thinking and scientific research. Therefore, this fact further deepens the inequalities caused by globalization to social, political and cultural level.
The current position of English is related to the expansion of British colonialism and empires and determined by economic, political, military and cultural power of the same countries that belong to the inner circle (Kachru, 1986). Please include Bhagwati’s (2004: Culture imperilled or enriched) ideas. On the other hand, Spanish is a language that in recent years has gained importance as it is the second language in the world by number of native speakers, the second in international communication and the third most used language on the Internet, according to the Institute Cervantes (2012). These figures provide a favourable outlook for the Spanish and stop the expansion of English, since it is necessary the recognition of other languages and dialects to pacify the effects of globalization.
In regards to the conflict between English and Spanish, this research also discusses the phenomenon of anglozination of the Spanish users with the influence of the media and the hispanization in the US (Preiswerk 2011): the United States will become in 2050 the first Spanish-speaking country (Instituto Cervantes, ibid.). From the above problems, this research will propose the review of sociolinguistic policies and programs that allow the the inclusion, not the monopoly, of other languages.
This research will use a comparative approach between the world position of both languages, especially to bring out the advantages and disadvantages of globalization of English in general in regards to Spanish. At the same time, the expansion of the Spanish language will be discussed and the constant struggle to fit it as a lingua franca. The data will be more qualitative (theoretical) than quantitative, although the above statistics illustrate the main problem of this paper and straighten the arguments, such as, in addition to those presented above, the rate of disappearance of languages, the ranking of languages spoken and learned globally, the advancement of Spanish, etc. Please include a case study where the English expansion in affecting Spanish, i.e. Spanglish in Mexico-USA, the disappearance of dialects in Mexico due to the globalization process and English, and also talk about the importance that Spanish is gaining in the world.
References (you can add more references in English)
Bhagwati, J. (2004). In Defense of Globalization. Oxfor University Press.
Díaz-Polanco, H. (2000). “El conflicto cultural en el umbral del tercer milenio”, Memoria, 131, 34-42.
García Canclini, N. (2002). La globalización imaginada. México, Buenos Aires, Barcelona: Paidós.
Grijelmo, A. (2002). Defensa apasionada del idioma español. México, D.F.: Santillana Ediciones Generales.
Grin, F. (2003). “Language planning and economics,”Current issues in language planning, 4, 1, 1-66.
Hamel, R.E. (2008). “La globalización de las lenguas en el siglo XXI. Entre la hegemonía del inglés y la diversidad lingüística”, en Política lingüística na América Latina. Dermeval da Hora e Rubens Marques de Lucena (orgs). 45-77. Joao Pessoa: Idéia/Editora Universitária.
Harrison, K.D. (2008). When a language die: the extinction of the world’s languages and the erosion of human knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Instituto Cervantes.(2012). El español: una lengua viva. Informe 2012 [en línea] [fecha de consulta: 01.10.2014]. Disponible en:
Kachru, Braj. (1986). The alchemy of English. The spread, functions and models of non-native Englishes. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
López García, A. (2007). El boom de la lengua española. Análisis expansivo. Madrid: Biblioteca Nueva.
Lozano, I. (2005). Lenguas en guerra. Madrid: Ediciones Espasa Hoy.
Mackey, W. F. (2003). “Forecasting the fate of languages,” Languages in a globalising world. Maurais, Jacques & Morris, Michael A (eds). 64-81. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pérez, M. J. (2008). “El español, una multinacional del idioma aún en expansión”, en ABC [en línea] [fecha de consulta: 28.09.2014]. Disponible en: Presiwerk, M. (2005). Contrato Intercultural. Crisis y refundación de la Educación Teológica. La Paz, Quito: Plural editores.